Scientific publications of Kai Nordlund Prof. Kai Nordlund
Scientific publications

Invited review papers

[1] K. Nordlund, Ions mimic the impact of meteorites, Physics World 14, 22 (2001).

[2] K. Nordlund, Defects break symmetry rules, Nature Materials 2, 291 (2003).

[3] K. Nordlund and P. Hakonen, Nanotubes - Controlling conductance, Nature Materials 4, 514 (2005).

[4] A. V. Krasheninnikov and K. Nordlund, http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/JAPreview09.pdf Ion and electron irradiation-induced effects in nanostructured materials, J. Appl. Phys. (Applied Physics Reviews) 107, 071301 (2010).

[5] K. Nordlund and F. Djurabekova, http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor13apreprint.pdf Multiscale modelling of irradiation in nanostructures, J. Comput. Electr. 13, 122 (2014), Invited review paper for special issue on device modelling.

[6] K. Nordlund, C. Björkas, T. Ahlgren, , A. Lasa, and A. E. Sand, Multiscale modelling of plasma-wall interactions in fusion reactor conditions, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (2014), Invited paper for Special Issue on Fundamentals of plasma-surface interactions, accepted for publication.

Refereed publications

[1] P. Torri, J. Keinonen, and K. Nordlund, A low-level detection system for hydrogen analysis with the reaction 1H(15N,alphagamma)12C, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 84, 105 (1994).

[2] J. Keinonen, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, R. M. Nieminen, and A. P. Seitsonen, First-Principles Simulation of Collision Cascades in Si to Test Pair-Potential for Si-Si Interaction at 10 eV -- 5 keV, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 88, 382 (1994).

[3] S. Raman, E. T. Jurney, J. W. Warner, A. Kuronen, J. Keinonen, K. Nordlund, and D. J. Millener, Lifetimes in 15N from gamma-ray lineshapes produced in the 2H(14N,pgamma) and 14N(thermal n, gamma) reactions, Phys. Rev. C. 50, 682 (1994), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Ram04.pdf.

[4] K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and A. Kuronen, Effect of the Interatomic Si-Si-potential on Vacancy Production during Ion Implantation of Si, Physica Scripta T54, 34 (1994).

[5] K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics simulation of ion ranges in the 1 -- 100 keV energy range, Comput. Mater. Sci. 3, 448 (1995), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor94b.pdf.

[6] K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, E. Rauhala, and T. Ahlgren, Range profile in self-ion-implanted crystalline Si, Phys. Rev. B 52, 15170 (1995), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor95.pdf.

[7] K. Nordlund, Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Atomic Collisions for Ion Irradiation Experiments, Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica, Applied Physics Series 202, 1 (1995), PhD thesis, University of Helsinki.

[8] K. Nordlund and A. Kuronen, Molecular dynamics simulation of ion ranges at keV energies, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 115, 528 (1996).

[9] P. Haussalo, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Stopping of 5 -- 100 keV helium in tantalum, niobium, tungsten, and AISI 316L steel, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 111, 1 (1996).

[10] K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and T. Mattila, Formation of ion irradiation-induced small-scale defects on graphite surfaces, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 699 (1996), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor96.pdf.

[11] J. Jokinen, J. Keinonen, P. Tikkanen, A. Kuronen, T. Ahlgren, and K. Nordlund, Comparison of TOF-ERDA and nuclear resonance reaction techniques for range profile measurements of keV-energy implants, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 119, 533 (1996).

[12] P. J. Partyka, R. S. Averback, K. Nordlund, I. K. Robinson, D. Walko, P. Ehrhart, T. Diaz de la Rubia, and M. Tang, Diffuse X-ray scattering study of defects created by keV ion implants in Si, in Microstructure Evolution During Irradiation, Vol. 439 of MRS Symp. Proc., edited by I. M. Robertson, G. S. Was, L. W. Hobbs, and T. Diaz de la Rubia (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1997), pp. 89--94, The same paper is also published in MRS Symp. Proc. Vol. 438, p. 77.

[13] K. Nordlund and T. Mattila, Hillock formation on ion-irradiated graphite surfaces, Rad. Eff. & Def. in Sol. 142, 459 (1997).

[14] K. Nordlund and R. S. Averback, Point defect movement and annealing in collision cascades, Phys. Rev. B 56, 2421 (1997), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor96d.pdf.

[15] K. Nordlund, N. Runeberg, and D. Sundholm, Repulsive interatomic potentials calculated using Hartree-Fock and density-functional theory methods, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 132, 45 (1997), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor96c.pdf.

[16] K. Nordlund and R. S. Averback, Atomic displacement processes in irradiated amorphous and crystalline silicon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3103 (1997).

[17] K. Nordlund, P. Partyka, and R. S. Averback, Fully atomistic analysis of diffuse X-ray scattering spectra of silicon defects, in Defects and Diffusion in Silicon Processing, Vol. 469 of MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by T. Diaz de la Rubia, S. Coffa, P. A. Stolk, and C. S. Rafferty (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1997), pp. 199--204.

[18] K. Nordlund, R. S. Averback, and T. Diaz de la Rubia, Effect of atomic bonding on defect production in collision cascades, in Defects and Diffusion in Silicon Processing, Vol. 469 of MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by T. Diaz de la Rubia, S. Coffa, P. A. Stolk, and C. S. Rafferty (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1997), pp. 113--119.

[19] P. Oldiges, H. Zhu, and K. Nordlund, Molecular Dynamics Simulations of LATID Implants into Silicon, in Proceedings of the 1997 International Conference on Simulation of Semiconductor Processes and Devices (SISPAD) (IEEE, USA, 1997), pp. 245--247.

[20] K. Nordlund, M. Ghaly, and R. S. Averback, Mechanisms of ion beam mixing in metals and semiconductors, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 1238 (1998), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor97c.pdf.

[21] K. Nordlund, M. Ghaly, R. S. Averback, M. Caturla, T. Diaz de la Rubia, and J. Tarus, Defect production in collision cascades in elemental semiconductors and FCC metals, Phys. Rev. B 57, 7556 (1998), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor97f.pdf.

[22] K. Nordlund and R. S. Averback, The role of self-interstitial atoms on the high temperature properties of metals, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4201 (1998), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor97g.pdf.

[23] K. Nordlund, L. Wei, Y. Zhong, and R. S. Averback, Role of electron-phonon coupling on collision cascade development in Ni, Pd and Pt, Phys. Rev. B (Rapid Comm.) 57, 13965 (1998), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor98.pdf.

[24] M. Ghaly, K. Nordlund, and R. S. Averback, Molecular dynamics investigations of surface damage produced by keV self-bombardment of solids, Phil. Mag. A 79, 795 (1999).

[25] Y. Zhong, K. Nordlund, M. Ghaly, and R. S. Averback, Defect Production in Tungsten: A Comparison Between Field Ion Microscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Phys. Rev. B (Brief reports) 58, 2361 (1998), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Zho97.pdf.

[26] J. Tarus, K. Nordlund, A. Kuronen, and J. Keinonen, Effect of Surface on Defect Creation by Self-ion Bombardment of Si (001), Phys. Rev. B 58, 9907 (1998), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Tar98.pdf.

[27] J. Sillanpää, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Channeling in manufacturing sharp junctions: a molecular dynamics simulation study, Physica Scripta T79, 272 (1999).

[28] K. Nordlund, P. Partyka, Y. Zhong, I. K. Robinson, R. S. Averback, and P. Ehrhart, Glancing Incidence Diffuse X-ray Scattering Studies of Implantation Damage in Si, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 147, 399 (1999).

[29] K. Nordlund and R. S. Averback, Inverse Kirkendall mixing in collision cascades, Phys. Rev. B 59, 20 (1999), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor98d.pdf.

[30] K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, M. Ghaly, and R. S. Averback, Recoils, flows and explosions: surface damage mechanisms in metals and semiconductors during 1 -- 50 keV ion bombardment, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 148, 74 (1999).

[31] A. Kuronen, J. Tarus, and K. Nordlund, Defect creation by low-energy ion bombardment on GaAs (001) surface, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 153, 209 (1999).

[32] J. Tarus, K. Nordlund, J. Sillanpää, and J. Keinonen, Heat spike and ballistic contributions to mixing in Si, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 153, 378 (1999).

[33] K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, M. Ghaly, and R. S. Averback, Coherent displacement of atoms during ion irradiation, Nature 398, 49 (1999).

[34] K. Nordlund and R. S. Averback, Collision cascades in metals and semiconductors: defect creation and interface behavior, J. Nucl. Mater. 276, 194 (2000).

[35] M. Yeadon, J. C. Yang, M. Ghaly, K. Nordlund, R. S. Averback, and J. M. Gibson, Zooming in on clusters: novel behavior of supported metal nanocrystals, J. Elect. Microsc. 48, 1075 (1999), suppl. S.

[36] K. Nordlund and F. Gao, Formation of stacking fault tetrahedra in collision cascades, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2720 (1999).

[37] C. Zimmermann, M. Yeadon, M. Ghaly, K. Nordlund, J. M. Gibson, R. S. Averback, U. Herr, and K. Samwer, Burrowing of Co nanoparticles after soft landings on clean Co and Ag surfaces, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1163 (1999), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Zim99.pdf.

[38] K. Nordlund and A. Kuronen, Non-equilibrium properties of GaAs interatomic potentials, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 159, 183 (1999).

[39] J. Sillanpää, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Electronic stopping of Silicon from a 3D Charge Distribution, Phys. Rev. B 62, 3109 (2000), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sil99.pdf.

[40] K. Kyuno, D. C. Cahill, R. S. Averback, J. Tarus, and K. Nordlund, Surface defects and bulk defect migration produced by ion bombardment of Si(001), Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4788 (1999), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kyu99.pdf.

[41] E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Tarus, T. Ahlgren, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Suppression of carbon erosion by hydrogen shielding during high-flux hydrogen bombardment, Phys. Rev. B (Rapid Comm.) 60, 14005 (1999), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sal99.pdf.

[42] K. Nordlund, J. Tarus, J. Keinonen, M. Ghaly, and R. S. Averback, Heat spike effects on ion beam mixing, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 164-165, 441 (2000).

[43] J. Tarus, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and R. S. Averback, Strain effects in Ge surface cascades, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 164-165, 482 (2000).

[44] E. Vainonen-Ahlgren, T. Sajavaara, W. Rydman, T. Ahlgren, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Deuterium retention in Si doped carbon films, Proceedings of the international workshop on hydrogen retention in fusion materials (Kluwer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 2000), p. 281.

[45] K. Nordlund, U. Beck, T. H. Metzger, and J. R. Patel, Diffuse X-ray streaks from stacking faults in Si analyzed by atomistic simulations, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 846 (2000).

[46] C. Zimmermann, M. Yeadon, K. Nordlund, J. M. Gibson, R. S. Averback, U. Herr, and K. Samwer, Burrowing of nanoparticles on clean metal surfaces: A new mechanism for surface smoothing, Phys. Rev. B 64, 085419 (2001), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Zim99b.pdf.

[47] C. Zimmermann, C. P. Liu, M. Yeadon, K. Nordlund, J. M. Gibson, R. S. Averback, U. Herr, and K. Samwer, Surface smoothing upon deposition of nanoparticles on single crystalline substrates, in Fundamental Mechanisms of Low-Energy-Beam-Modified Surface Growth and Processing., Vol. 585 of MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by S. C. Moss, E. H. Chason, B. H. Cooper, J. M. E. Harper, T. Diaz de la Rubia, and M. V. R. Murty (Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA, USA, 2000), pp. 21--26.

[48] K. Nordlund, P. Partyka, R. S. Averback, I. K. Robinson, and P. Ehrhart, Atomistic simulation of diffuse X-ray scattering from defects in solids, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2278 (2000), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor99e.pdf.

[49] K. Nordlund, J. Nord, J. Frantz, and J. Keinonen, Strain-induced Kirkendall mixing at semiconductor interfaces, Comput. Mater. Sci. 18, 283 (2000).

[50] E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Bond-breaking mechanism of sputtering, Europhysics Letters 52, 504 (2000).

[51] I. Kegel, T. H. Metzger, A. Lorke, J. Peisl, J. Stangl, G. Bauer, K. Nordlund, W. V. Schoenfeld, and P. M. Petroff, Determination of strain fields and composition of self-organized quantum dots with x-ray diffraction, Phys. Rev. B. 63, 035318 (2001), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Keg00.pdf.

[52] E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Carbon erosion mechanisms in tokamak divertor materials: insight from molecular dynamics simulations, J. Nucl. Mater. 290-293, 144 (2001).

[53] K. Nordlund, E. Salonen, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Sputtering of hydrocarbons by ion-induced breaking of chemical bonds, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 180, 77 (2000).

[54] P. Partyka, Y. Zhong, K. Nordlund, R. S. Averback, I. K. Robinson, and P. Ehrhart, Grazing incidence diffuse x-ray scattering investigation of the properties of irradiation-induced point defects in silicon, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235207 (2002), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Par00.pdf.

[55] K. Nordlund, J. Nord, and J. Keinonen, Chemical effects in collision cascades, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 175-177, 31 (2001).

[56] E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Swift chemical sputtering of amorphous hydrogenated carbon, Phys. Rev. B 63, 195415 (2001), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sal00c.pdf.

[57] T. J. Colla, H. M. Urbassek, K. Nordlund, and R. S. Averback, Ion-induced mixing and demixing in the immiscible Ni-Ag system, Phys. Rev. B 63, 104206 (2000), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Col00.pdf.

[58] J. Sillanpää, J. Peltola, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and M. J. Puska, Electronic stopping calculated using explicit phase shift factors, Phys. Rev. B 63, 134113 (2000), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sil00.pdf.

[59] K. Nordlund and R. S. Averback, Self-interstitial atoms at high temperatures in dense metals, in Defect and Diffusion in Metals - Annual Retrospective 2000, edited by D. J.Fisher (Scitec Publications, Zurich, Switzerland, 2000), invited review paper.

[60] K. Nordlund, M. Sirviö, and A. V. Krasheninnikov, Formation of ion irradiation-induced small-scale defects on walls of carbon nanotubes, Proceedings of the annual conference of the Moscow State Engineering Physics Institute (Moscow State Engineering Physics Institute (Technical University), Moscow, 2001), pp. 130--131.

[61] K. Nordlund, J. Peltola, J. Nord, J. Keinonen, and R. S. Averback, Defect clustering during ion irradiation of GaAs: a molecular dynamics study., J. Appl. Phys. 90, 1710 (2001), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor00f.pdf.

[62] A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, M. Sirviö, E. Salonen, and J. Keinonen, Formation of ion-irradiation-induced atomic-scale defects on walls of carbon nanotubes, Phys. Rev. B 63, 245405 (2001), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kra01.pdf.

[63] J. Frantz, J. Tarus, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Mechanism of electron-irradiation induced recrystallisation in Si, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125313 (2001), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Fra01.pdf.

[64] J. Nord, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Amorphization mechanism and defect structures in ion beam amorphized Si, Ge and GaAs, Phys. Rev. B 65, 165329 (2002), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nord01.pdf.

[65] E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Chemical sputtering of amorphous silicon carbide under hydrogen bombardment, Applied Surface Science 184, 387 (2001).

[66] A. V. Krasheninnikov and K. Nordlund, Stability of irradiation-induced point defects on walls of carbon nanotubes, J. Vac. Sci. Techn. B 20, 728 (2001).

[67] E. Bringa, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Cratering-energy regimes: from linear collision cascades to heat spikes to macroscopic impacts, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235426 (2001), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bri01a.pdf.

[68] A. V. Krasheninnikov and K. Nordlund, Signatures of irradiation-induced defects in scanning-tunneling microscopy images of carbon nanotubes, Physics of the Solid State (Russian Academy of Science); translated by the American Institute of Physics 44, 470 (2001).

[69] K. Albe, K. Nordlund, J. Nord, and A. Kuronen, Modelling of compound semiconductors: Analytical bond-order potential for Ga, As and GaAs, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035205 (2002), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Alb01.pdf.

[70] K. Nordlund, K. O. E. Henriksson, and J. Keinonen, Melting temperature effects on the size of ion-induced craters, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3624 (2001).

[71] J. Nord, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Molecular dynamics simulation of ion-beam-amorphization of Si, Ge and GaAs, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 193, 294 (2002).

[72] E. Salonen, A. Krasheninnikov, and K. Nordlund, Ion-irradiation-induced defects in bundles of carbon nanotubes, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 193, 608 (2002).

[73] K. Nordlund, Computational Materials Science of Ion Irradiation, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 188, 41 (2002).

[74] S. K. Sipilä, J. A. Heikkinen, T. P. Kiviniemi, T. Kurki-Suonio, W. Fundamenski, and K. Nordlund, Recent developments in Monte Carlo Codes for Edge Plasma Studies, Contrib. Plasma Phys. 42, 145 (2002).

[75] E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Obtaining distributions of plasma impurities using atomistic simulations, Contrib. Plasma Phys. 42, 458 (2002).

[76] A. V. Krasheninnikov, E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Tight-binding atomistic simulations of carbon sputtering by hyperthermal ions in tokamak divertors, Contrib. Plasma Phys. 42, 451 (2002).

[77] K. Nordlund, Diffuse x-ray scattering from 311 defects in Si, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 2978 (2002).

[78] J. Peltola, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Effects of damage build-up in range profiles in crystalline Si; molecular dynamics simulations, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 195, 269 (2002).

[79] J. Keinonen, K. Nordlund, T. Ahlgren, K. Arstila, T. Sajavaara, and E. Rauhala, Characterisation and modification of semiconductors with ion beams, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Current Trends in Semiconductor Physics and Optoelectronic Technologies, Vol. 3-01 of Physics Series Reports, Tampere University of Technology, edited by R. Hernberg and A. Viherkoski (Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland, 2001).

[80] K. Albe, K. Nordlund, and R. S. Averback, Modeling metal-semiconductor interaction: Analytical bond-order potential for platinum-carbon, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195124 (2002), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Alb01b.pdf.

[81] A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, E. Salonen, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Sputtering of amorphous hydrogenated carbon by hyperthermal ions as studied by tight-binding molecular dynamics, Comput. Mater. Sci 25, 427 (2002), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kra01f.pdf.

[82] A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Production of defects in supported carbon nanotubes under ion irradiation, Phys. Rev. B 65, 165423 (2002), also selected to Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology Vol. 5 Issue 16 (2002)., http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kra01g.pdf.

[83] A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Effects of ion irradiation on supported carbon nanotubes and nanotube-substrate interfaces, in Making Functional Materials with Nanotubes (Symposium Z), Vol. 706 of MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by P. Nikolaev, P. Bernier, P. Ajayan, and Y. Iwasa (Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA, USA, 2001), p. Z6.10.

[84] E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Enhanced erosion of tungsten by atom clusters, J. Nucl. Mater. 305, 60 (2002).

[85] P. Träskelin, E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, A. V. Krasheninnikov, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Molecular dynamics simulations of CH3 sticking on carbon surfaces, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 1826 (2003), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Tra02.pdf.

[86] E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, N. Runeberg, and C. H. Wu, Reduced chemical sputtering of carbon by silicon doping, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2216 (2002).

[87] A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Carbon nanotubes as masks against ion irradiation: an insight from atomistic simulations, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1101 (2002), also selected to Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology Vol. 6 Issue 7 (2002).

[88] K. Meinander, J. Frantz, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Upper size limit of complete contact epitaxy, Thin Solid Films 425, 297 (2002).

[89] E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Molecular dynamics studies of the sputtering of divertor materials, J. Nucl. Mater. 313--316, 404 (2003).

[90] P. Träskelin, E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, A. V. Krasheninnikov, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Molecular dynamics simulations of CH3 sticking on carbon first wall structures, J. Nucl. Mater. 313--316, 52 (2002).

[91] J. Nord, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and K. Albe, Molecular dynamics study of defect formation in GaN cascades, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 202, 93 (2003).

[92] J. Peltola, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Molecular dynamics simulation method for calculating fluence-dependent range profiles, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 202, 132 (2003).

[93] R. A. Enrique, K. Nordlund, R. S. Averback, and P. Bellon, Nonequilibrium self-organization in alloys under irradiation leading to the formation of nanocomposites, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 202, 206 (2003).

[94] A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and F. Banhart, Making junctions between carbon nanotubes using an ion beam, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B 202, 224 (2003).

[95] A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and F. Banhart, Ion-irradiation induced welding of carbon nanotubes, Phys. Rev. B 66, 245403 (2002), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kra02c.pdf.

[96] R. A. Enrique, K. Nordlund, R. S. Averback, and P. Bellon, Dynamical stabilization of Ag-Cu nanocomposites by ion-beam processing: modeling the effect of the forced atomic relocation range, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 2918 (2003), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Enr02b.pdf.

[97] J. Frantz and K. Nordlund, Mechanism of Co nanocluster burrowing on (100) Cu surface, Phys. Rev. B 67, 075415 (2003), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Fra02a.pdf.

[98] K. Nordlund, J. Tarus, J. Keinonen, S. E. Donnelly, and R. C. Birtcher, Atomic fingers, bridges and slingshots: formation of exotic surface structures during ion irradiation of heavy metals, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 206, 189 (2003).

[99] J. Peltola, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Heat spike effect on the straggling of cluster implants, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 206, 61 (2003).

[100] J. Pomoell, A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Stopping of energetic ions in carbon nanotubes, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 206, 18 (2003).

[101] J. Frantz, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Burrowing of cobalt nanoclusters in copper, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 206, 66 (2003).

[102] K. Meinander, J. Frantz, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Upper Size Limit of Complete Contact Epitaxy in Cu, in Proceedings of the third workshop on cluster ion beam technology, edited by I. Yamada (Collaborative Research Center for Cluster Ion Beam Process Technology, Osaka, 2002), pp. 77--81.

[103] K. Nordlund, A. Krasheninnikov, N. Juslin, J. Nord, and K. Albe, Structure and stability of non-molecular nitrogen at ambient pressure, Europhysics Lett. 65, 400 (2003), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor02b.pdf.

[104] T. K. Chini, F. Okuyama, M. Tanemura, and K. Nordlund, Structural investigation of keV-Ar-ion induced surface ripples in Si by cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy, Phys. Rev. B 67, 205403 (2003), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Tap03.pdf.

[105] J. Tarus and K. Nordlund, Molecular Dynamics Study on Si20 Cluster Deposition on Si(001), Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 212, 281 (2003).

[106] J. Peltola, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Explicit phase shift factor stopping model for multi-component targets, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 212, 118 (2003).

[107] E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Au irradiation by 25-keV Aun (n = 1 -- 65 600) clusters, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 212, 286 (2003).

[108] P. O. Lehtinen, A. S. Foster, A. Ayuela, A. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, and R. M. Nieminen, Magnetic properties and diffusion of adatoms on a graphene sheet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 017202 (2003), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Leh03a.pdf.

[109] J. Peltola and K. Nordlund, Heat spike effect on the straggling of cluster implants, Phys. Rev. B 68, 035419 (2003), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Pel03b.pdf.

[110] P. S"ule, M. Menyh'ard, and K. Nordlund, Does the thermal-spike affect low-energy ion-induced interfacial mixing?, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 211, 524 (2003).

[111] E. Salonen, T. Järvi, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Effects of the surface structure and cluster bombardment on the self--sputtering of molybdenum, J. Phys. Cond. Matt. 15, 5845 (2003), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sal03b.pdf.

[112] K. O. E. Henriksson, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Fragmentation of sputtered silver and gold clusters, Phys. Rev. B 71, 014117 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hen03a.pdf.

[113] J. Nord, K. Albe, P. Erhart, and K. Nordlund, Modelling of compound semiconductors: Analytical bond-order potential for gallium, nitrogen and gallium nitride, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 15, 5649 (2003).

[114] J. Nord, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, A molecular dynamics study of damage accumulation in GaN during ion beam irradiation, Phys. Rev. B 68, 184104 (2003), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nord03b.pdf.

[115] J. Nord, K. Nordlund, B. Pipeleers, and A. Vantomme, Implantation angle dependence of ion irradiation damage in GaN, Materials Science and Engineering B 105, 110 (2003).

[116] J. Peltola and K. Nordlund, Ion beam induced coherent displacement in Al on Au system, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 216, 308 (2003).

[117] A. V. Krasheninnikov and K. Nordlund, Irradiation effects in carbon nanotubes, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 216, 355 (2004).

[118] A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, P. Lehtinen, A. S. Foster, A. Ayuela, and R. M. Nieminen, Adsorption and migration of carbon adatoms on zigzag carbon nanotubes, Carbon 42, 1021 (2004).

[119] M. Warrier, R. Schneider, E. Salonen, and K. Nordlund, Modelling of the diffusion of hydrogen in porous graphite, Physica Scripta T108, 85 (2004), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/T108-085.pdf.

[120] K. O. E. Henriksson, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, D. Sundholm, and M. Patzschke, Simulations of the initial stages of blistering in helium implanted tungsten, Physica Scripta T108, 95 (2004).

[121] J. Peltola, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Molecular dynamics study on stopping powers of channeled He and Li ions in Si, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 217, 25 (2003).

[122] J. Peltola, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Electronic stopping power calculation method for molecular dynamics simulations using local elastic and inelastic contributions, Rad. Eff. & Def. in Sol. 161, 823 (2006).

[123] A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, P. O. Lehtinen, A. S. Foster, A. Ayuela, and R. M. Nieminen, Adsorption and migration of carbon adatoms on carbon nanotubes, Phys. Rev. B 69, 073402 (2004), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kra03c.pdf.

[124] K. Nordlund, Atomistic simulation of radiation effects in carbon-based materials and nitrides, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 218, 9 (2004).

[125] M. Warrier, R. Schneider, E. Salonen, and K. Nordlund, Multi scale modeling of hydrogen isotope diffusion in graphite, Contrib. Plasma Phys. 44, 307 (2004).

[126] P. Träskelin, E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and C. H. Wu, Molecular dynamics simulations of CH3 sticking on carbon surfaces, angular and energy dependence, J. Nucl. Mater. 334, 65 (2004), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Tra03a.pdf.

[127] P. S"ule, M. Menyh'ard, and K. Nordlund, Cooperative mixing induced surface roughening in bilayer metals: a possible novel surface damage mechanism, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 222, 525 (2004).

[128] J. Tarus and K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics simulation of Ge surface segregation, Thin Solid Films 464-465, 95 (2003).

[129] M. Huhtala, A. Krasheninnikov, J. Aittoniemi, S. J. Stuart, K. Nordlund, and K. Kaski, Improved mechanical load transfer between shells of multi-walled carbon nanotubes, Phys. Rev. B 70, 045404 (2004), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Huh03.pdf.

[130] K. Nordlund, J. Nord, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and K. Albe, Atomic-scale simulations of radiation effects in GaN and carbon nanotubes, in Radiation Effects and Ion Beam Modification of Materials, Vol. 792 of MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by L. M. Wang, R. Fromknecht, L. L. Snead, D. F. Downey, and H. Takahashi (MRS, Warrendale, PA, USA, 2004), p. 531.

[131] K. Arstila, J. A. Knapp, K. Nordlund, and B. L. Doyle, Monte Carlo simulations of multiple scattering effects in ERD measurements, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 219-220, 1058 (2004).

[132] J. Frantz, M. Rusanen, K. Nordlund, and I. T. Koponen, Evolution of Cu nanoclusters on Cu(100), J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16, 2995 (2004), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Fra03.pdf.

[133] J. Frantz, K. Nordlund, M. O. Jahma, and I. T. Koponen, Low energy deposition of Co on Co islands on Ag(100) : Effect on submonolayer growth, Phys. Rev. B 71, 075411 (2004), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Fra04.pdf.

[134] J. A. V. Pomoell, A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Ion ranges and irradiation-induced defects in multi-walled carbon nanotubes, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2864 (2004).

[135] M. Sammalkorpi, A. Krasheninnikov, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, and K. Kaski, Mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes with vacancy-like defects, Phys. Rev. B 70, 245416 (2004), see also Erratum, Phys. Rev. B 71, 169906(E) (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Huh04.pdf.

[136] J. A. AAström, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and K. Nordlund, Carbon nanotube mats and fibers with irradiation-improved mechanical characteristics: a theoretical model, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 215503 (2004), also selected to Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology Vol. 10 Issue 22 (2004). See also Erratum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 029902(E) (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Ast04.pdf.

[137] K. Nordlund, Y. Ashkenazy, R. S. Averback, and A. V. Granato, Strings and interstitials in liquids, glasses and crystals, Europhys. Lett. 71, 625 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor04.pdf.

[138] P. S"ule, M. Menyhard, and K. Nordlund, What is the real driving force of bilayer ion beam mixing, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 226, 517 (2004).

[139] J. Kotakoski, J. Pomoell, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and K. Nordlund, Irradiation-induced substitution of carbon atoms with nitrogen and boron in single-walled carbon nanotubes, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 228, 31 (2005).

[140] M. Sammalkorpi, A. V. Krasheninnikov, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, and K. Kaski, Irradiation-induced stiffening of carbon nanotube bundles, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 228, 142 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sam04a.pdf.

[141] A. V. Krasheninnikov and K. Nordlund, Channeling of heavy ions through multi-walled carbon nanotubes, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 228, 21 (2005).

[142] J. Tarus, M. Tantarimäki, and K. Nordlund, Segregation in SiGe clusters, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 228, 51 (2005).

[143] K. Meinander, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Inherent surface roughening as a limiting factor in epitaxial cluster deposition, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 228, 69 (2005).

[144] H. Y. Chan, K. Nordlund, J. Peltola, H.-J. Gossmann, N. L. Ma, M. P. Srinivasan, F. Benistant, and L. Chan, Low energy ion implantation in crystalline silicon: application of binary collision approximation and molecular dynamics, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 228, 240 (2005).

[145] P. Träskelin, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, He, Ne, Ar-bombardment of carbon first wall structures, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 228, 319 (2005).

[146] A. V. Krasheninnikov and K. Nordlund, Multi-walled carbon nanotubes as apertures and conduits for energetic ions, Phys. Rev. B 71, 245408 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kra04b.pdf.

[147] K. Meinander, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Size dependent epitaxial cluster deposition: The effect of deposition energy, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 242, 161 (2006).

[148] P. Olsson, J. Wallenius, C. Domain, K. Nordlund, and L. Malerba, Two-band modeling of alpha-prime phase formation in Fe-Cr., Phys. Rev. B 72, 214119 (2005), see also Erratum, Phys. Rev. B 74, 229906 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Wal04.pdf.

[149] J. Kotakoski, A. V. Krasheninnikov, Y. Ma, A. S. Foster, K. Nordlund, and R. M. Nieminen, B and N implantation into carbon nanotubes: insight from atomistic simulations, Phys. Rev. B 71, 205408 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kot05a.pdf.

[150] J. Samela, J. Kotakoski, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, A quantitative and comparative study of sputtering yields in Au, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 239, 331 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sam05.pdf.

[151] D. Terentyev, C. Lagerstedt, P. Olsson, K. Nordlund, J. Wallenius, and L. Malerba, Effect of the interatomic potential on the features of displacement cascades in alpha-Fe: a molecular dynamics study, J. Nucl. Mater. 351, 65 (2006).

[152] J. Kotakoski, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and K. Nordlund, A molecular dynamics study of the clustering of ion irradiation induced potassium in multiwalled carbon nanotubes, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 240, 810 (2005).

[153] V. N. Popok, S. V. Prasalovich, E. E. B. Campbell, J. Samela, and K. Nordlund, Experimental study and theoretical modeling of argon and xenon cluster impact with silicon, Proceedings of the 2005 Ion-Solid Interactions conference (Moscow aviation institute publisher, Moscow, Russia, 2005), pp. 67--70.

[154] H. Y. Chan, M. P. Srinivasan, C. Mulcahy, N. Montgomery, S. Biswas, H.-J. L. Gossmann, K. Nordlund, F. Benistant, C. M. Ng, and L. Chan, Application of molecular dynamics for low energy ion implantation in crystalline silicon, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B. 24, 462 (2005).

[155] K. O. E. Henriksson, K. Nordlund, A. Krasheninnikov, and J. Keinonen, Differences in hydrogen and helium cluster formation, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 163113 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hen05a.pdf.

[156] K. Nordlund, T. H. Metzger, A. Malachias, L. Capello, P. Calvo, A. Claverie, and F. Cristiano, Measurement of Si 311 defect properties using x-ray scattering, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 073529 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor05.pdf.

[157] K. O. E. Henriksson, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Molecular dynamics simulations of helium cluster formation in tungsten, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B. 244, 377 (2006).

[158] K. Nordlund, Atomistic simulations of plasma-wall interactions in fusion reactors, Physica Scripta T124, 53 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor05b.pdf.

[159] P. Träskelin, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, H, He, Ne, Ar-bombardment of amorphous hydrocarbon structures, J. Nucl. Mater 357, 1 (2006).

[160] N. Juslin, P. Erhart, P. Träskelin, J. Nord, K. O. E. Henriksson, K. Nordlund, E. Salonen, and K. Albe, Analytical interatomic potential for modelling non-equilibrium processes in the W-C-H system, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123520 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Jus05.pdf.

[161] M. Mayer, K. Arstila, K. Nordlund, E. Edelmann, and J. Keinonen, Multiple scattering of MeV ions: Comparison between the analytical theory and Monte-Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 249, 823 (2006).

[162] D. Terentyev, L. Malerba, R. Chakarova, C. Domain, K. Nordlund, P. Olsson, M. Rieth, and J. Wallenius, Displacement cascades in Fe-Cr: a molecular dynamics study, J. Nucl. Mater. 249, 119 (2006).

[163] K. Nordlund, J. Wallenius, and L. Malerba, Molecular dynamics simulations of threshold energies in Fe, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 246, 322 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor05c.pdf.

[164] M. Warrier, R. Schneider, E. Salonen, and K. Nordlund, Multi-scale modeling of hydrogen isotope transport in porous graphite, J. Nucl. Mater 337, 580 (2005).

[165] H. Y. Chan, K. Nordlund, H.-J. L. Gossmann, M. Harris, N. J. Montgomery, , C. P. A. Mulcahy, S. Biswas, M. P. Srinivasan, F. Benistant, C. M. Ng, and L. Chan, Molecular Dynamics with Phase-shift-based Electronic Stopping for calibration of Ion Implantation profiles in Crystalline Silicon, Thin Solid Films 504, 121 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Cha05b.pdf.

[166] K. Nordlund, E. Salonen, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and J. Keinonen, Swift chemical sputtering of covalently bonded materials, Pure and Applied Chemistry 78, 1203 (2006).

[167] K. O. E. Henriksson, K. Nordlund, A. Krasheninnikov, and J. Keinonen, The depths of hydrogen and helium bubbles in tungsten - a comparison, Fusion Science & Technology 50, 43 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hen05c.pdf.

[168] D. C. Look, G. C. Farlow, P. Reunchan, S. Limpijumnong, S. Zhang, and K. Nordlund, Evidence for native-defect donors in n-type ZnO, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 225502 (2005), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Loo05.pdf.

[169] R. Schneider, A. Rai, A. Mutzke, M. Warrier, E. Salonen, and K. Nordlund, Dynamic Monte-Carlo modeling of hydrogen isotope reactive-diffusive transport in porous graphite, J. Nucl. Mater. 367, 1238 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sch05.pdf.

[170] A. Sharma, R. Schneider, U. Toussaint, and K. Nordlund, Hydrocarbon Radicals Interaction With Amorphous Carbon Surfaces, J. Nucl. Mater. 363, 1283 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sha06.pdf.

[171] K. Meinander, T. Clauss, and K. Nordlund, Deposition energy dependence in cluster-assembled thin film densities, in Growth, Modification, and Analysis by Ion Beams at the Nanoscale, Vol. 908E of MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by W. Jiang (MRS, Warrendale, PA, USA, 2006), pp. 0908--OO14--20.1.

[172] J. Kotakoski and K. Nordlund, Ion irradiation-induced welding of a carbon nanotube to a Si (100) surface, in Growth, Modification, and Analysis by Ion Beams at the Nanoscale, MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by W. Jiang (MRS, Warrendale, PA, USA, 2005).

[173] V. D. S. Dhaka, N. V. Tkachenko, H. L. E.-M. Pavelescu, M. Guina, A. Tukiainen, J. Konttinen, M. Pessa, K. Arstila, J. Keinonen, and K. Nordlund, Effects of heavy-ion and light-ion irradiation on the dynamics of InGaAs/GaAs quantum wells, Semiconductor science and technology 21, 661 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Dha05b.pdf.

[174] L. I. Vergara, F. W. Meyer, H. F. Krause, P. Träskelin, K. Nordlund, and E. Salonen, Methane production from ATJ graphite by slow atomic and molecular D ions: evidence for projectile molecule-size-dependent yields at low energies, J. Nucl. Mater. 357, 9 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Ver05.pdf.

[175] C. Björkas, K. Nordlund, K. Arstila, J. Keinonen, V. D. S. Dhaka, and M. Pessa, Damage production in GaAs and GaAsN induced by light and heavy ions, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 053516 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bjo06.pdf.

[176] S. Nagao, R. Nowak, and K. Nordlund, Anisotropic elasticity of IVB transition-metal mononitrides by ab initio calculations, Phys. Rev. B 73, 144113 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nag06.pdf.

[177] J. Kotakoski and K. Nordlund, Binding a carbon nanotube to the Si (100) surface using ion irradiation, New J. Phys. 8, 115 (2006).

[178] T. T. Järvi, A. Kuronen, K. Meinander, K. Albe, and K. Nordlund, Contact epitaxy by deposition of Cu, Ag, Au, Pt, and Ni nanoclusters on (100)-surfaces: Size limits and mechanisms, Phys. Rev. B 75, 115422 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Jar06a.pdf.

[179] V. D. S. Dhaka, N. V. Tkachenko, H. L. E.-M. Pavelescu, S. Suomalainen, M. Pessa, K. Arstila, J. Keinonen, and K. Nordlund, Ultrafast dynamics of Ni+-irradiated and annealed GaInAs / InP multiple quantum wells, Journal of Physics D: Applied physics 39, 2659 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Dha06.pdf.

[180] K. O. E. Henriksson, K. Vörtler, S. Dreissigacker, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Sticking of atomic hydrogen on the tungsten (001) surface, Surf. Sci. 600, 3167 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hen06a.pdf.

[181] P. Träskelin, N. Juslin, P. Erhart, and K. Nordlund, Hydrogen bombardment simulations of tungsten-carbide surfaces, Phys. Rev. B 75, 174113 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Tra06.pdf.

[182] P. Erhart, N. Juslin, O. Goy, K. Nordlund, R. Muller, and K. Albe, Analytic bond-order potential for atomistic simulations of zinc oxide, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 6585 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Erh06c.pdf.

[183] K. O. E. Henriksson, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Crater annihilation on silver by cluster ion impacts, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 255, 259 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hen06b.pdf.

[184] D. Chrobak, K. Nordlund, and R. Nowak, Crystalline-to-crystalline phase transformation as the origin of the nanoindentation pop-in event in GaAs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 045502 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Chr06.pdf.

[185] J. Samela, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, and V. N. Popok, Comparison of silicon potentials for cluster bombardment simulations, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 255, 253 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sam06.pdf.

[186] N. Juslin, K. Nordlund, J. Wallenius, and L. Malerba, Simulation of threshold displacement energies in FeCr, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 255, 75 (2006).

[187] L. Malerba, D. Terentyev, G. Bonny, A. V. Barashev, C. Björkas, N. Juslin, K. Nordlund, C. Domain, P. Olsson, R. Chakarova, N. Sandberg, and J. Wallenius, Modelling of radiation damage in Fe-Cr alloys, Journal of ASTM International 4, 1 (2007).

[188] J. Kotakoski, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and K. Nordlund, Atomistic simulations of irradiation effects in carbon nanotubes: an overview, Rad. Eff. and Def. in Solids 162, 157 (2007).

[189] K. Nordlund, Radiation damage in carbon nanotubes: what is the role of electronic effects?, Mat. Fys. Medd. Kong. Dan. Vid. Selsk. 52, 357 (2006).

[190] J. Samela, K. Nordlund, J. Keinonen, V. N. Popok, and E. E. B. Campbell, Argon cluster impacts on layered silicon, silica, and graphite surfaces, Eur. Phys. J. D 43, 181 (2007).

[191] A. Harjunmaa, J. Tarus, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, MD simulations of the cluster beam deposition of porous Ge, Eur. Phys. J. D 43, 165 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Har06.pdf.

[192] K. Meinander, T. T. Järvi, and K. Nordlund, Contact epitaxy in multiple cluster deposition, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 253109 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Mei06c.pdf.

[193] C. Björkas, K. Vörtler, and K. Nordlund, Major elemental assymetry and recombination effects in irradiated WC, Phys. Rev. B (Rapid comm.) 74, 140103 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bjo06b.pdf.

[194] M. Victoria, S. Dudarev, J. L. Boutard, E. Diegele, R. Lässer, A. Almazouzi, M. J. Caturla, C. C. Fu, J. Källne, L. Malerba, K. Nordlund, M. Perlado, M. Rieth, M. Samaras, R. Schaeublin, B. Singh, and F. Willaime, Modeling irradiation effects in fusion materials, Fusion and engineering design 82, 2413 (2007).

[195] C. Björkas, K. Nordlund, K. Arstila, J. Keinonen, V. D. S. Dhaka, and M. Pessa, Light and heavy ion effects on damage clustering in GaAs quantum wells, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 257, 324 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bjo06c.pdf.

[196] C. Björkas, K. Nordlund, L. Malerba, D. Terentyev, and P. Olsson, Simulation of displacement cascades in Fe90Cr10 using a two band model potential, J. Nucl. Mater. 372, 312 (2008).

[197] P. Träskelin, C. Björkas, N. Juslin, K. Vörtler, and K. Nordlund, Radiation damage in WC studied with MD simulations, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 257, 614 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Tra06b.pdf.

[198] A. Salmi, E. Haeggström, K. Arstila, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Increasing the stiffness of swcnt bucky paper by irradiation, AIP Conf. Proc. 894, 1183 (2007).

[199] J. Samela and K. Nordlund, Origin of nonlinear sputtering during nanocluster bombardment of metals, Phys. Rev. B 76, 125434 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sam06c.pdf.

[200] J. Kotakoski, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and K. Nordlund, Energetics, structure, and long-range interactions of vacancy defects on carbon nanotubes, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245420 (2006), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kot06c.pdf.

[201] E. Kesälä, A. Kuronen, and K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics simulation of pressure dependence of cluster growth in inert gas condensation, Phys. Rev. B 75, 174121 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kes06.pdf.

[202] S. Negi, M. Warrier, S. Chaturvedi, and K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics simulation of carbon nanotubes interacting with a graphite surface, Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience 5, 348353 (2008).

[203] J. Kotakoski, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and K. Nordlund, Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations of the response of carbon nanotubes to electron irradiation, J. Computat. and Theor. Nanoscience 4, 1153 (2007).

[204] C. Björkas and K. Nordlund, Comparative study of cascade damage in Fe simulated with recent potentials, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 259, 853 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bjo07a.pdf.

[205] T. Kurki-Suonio, V. Hynönen, T. Ahlgren, K. Nordlund, K. Sugiyama, R. Dux, and the ASDEX Upgrade Team4, Fusion tritons and plasma-facing components in a fusion reactor, Europhys. Lett. 78, 65002 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Kur07.pdf.

[206] T. T. Järvi, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, and K. Albe, Structural modification of a multiply twinned nanoparticle by ion irradiation, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 124304 (2007), also selected to Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology Vol. 17 Issue 1 (2008)., http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/jar07b.pdf.

[207] N. Juslin and K. Nordlund, Pair potential for Fe-He, J. Nucl. Mater. 382, 143 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Jus07.pdf.

[208] J. Samela and K. Nordlund, Dynamics of cluster induced sputtering in gold, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 263, 375 (2007).

[209] P. Träskelin, O. Saresoja, and K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics simulations of C2, C2H C2H2, C2H3, C2H4, C2H5, C2H6 bombardment of diamond (111) surfaces, J. Nucl. Mater. 375, 270 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Tra07a.pdf.

[210] A. Salmi, O. Lehtinen, I. Lassila, A. Kaskela, U. Dettlaff-Weglikowska, A. V. Krasheninnikov, E. Haeggström, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Engineering SWCNT Bucky Paper by Heavy Ion Irradiation: An In Situ Study, Proceedings of the International Congress on Ultrasonics (ICU, Vienna, 2007), in press.

[211] K. O. E. Henriksson, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Annihilation of craters: Molecular dynamic simulations on a silver surface, Phys. Rev. B 76, 245428 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hen07a.pdf.

[212] M. Warrier, R. Schneider, E. Salonen, and K. Nordlund, Effect of the porous structure of graphite on atomic hydrogen diffusion and inventory, Nuclear Fusion 47, 1656 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/NuclFus2006.pdf.

[213] K. Nordlund and S. L. Dudarev, Interatomic potentials for simulating radiation damage effects in metals, Comptes Rendus Physique 9, 343 (2008).

[214] K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics for ion beam analysis, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 266, 1886 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor07b.pdf.

[215] F. Djurabekova, C. Björkas, and K. Nordlund, Atomistic modelling of the interface structure of Si nanocrystals in silica, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 100, 052023 (2008).

[216] J. Samela, K. Nordlund, V. N. Popok, and E. E. B. Campbell, Origin of complex impact craters on native oxide coated silicon surfaces, Phys. Rev. B 77, 075309 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sam07b.pdf.

[217] M.-I. Richard, T. H. Metzger, V. Holy, and K. Nordlund, Defect cores investigated by x-ray scattering close to forbidden reflections in silicon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 225504 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Ric07.pdf.

[218] Y. Gan, J. Kotakoski, A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, and F. Banhart, The diffusion of interstitial atoms in carbon nanotubes, New J. Phys. 10, 023022 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Gan07.pdf.

[219] F. Djurabekova, M. Backman, and K. Nordlund, Atomistic modelling of the interface of Si nanocrystal structures in a-SiO2 before and after ion irradiation, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 266, 2683 (2008).

[220] A. Tolvanen, J. Kotakoski, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and K. Nordlund, Relative abundance of single and double vacancies in irradiated single-walled carbon nanotubes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 173109 (2007).

[221] J. A. Pakarinen, M. Backman, F. Djurabekova, and K. Nordlund, Partial melting mechanisms of embedded nanocrystals, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085426 (2009), also selected to Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology Vol. <19 Issue 10 (2009)., http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Pak07.pdf.

[222] F. Djurabekova and K. Nordlund, Atomistic simulation of the interface structure of Si nanocrystals embedded into amorphous silica, Phys. Rev. B 77, 115325 (2008), also selected to Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology Vol. 17 Issue 13 (2008)., http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Dju07c.pdf.

[223] J. Samela and K. Nordlund, Emergence of non-linear effects in nanocluster collision cascades in amorphous silicon, New J. Phys. 10, 023013 (2007), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sam07c.pdf.

[224] J. Samela and K. Nordlund, Atomistic simulation of the transition from atomistic to macroscopic cratering, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 027601 (2008), and cover of issue 2. Also selected to Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology Vol. 18 Issue 3 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sam07d.pdf.

[225] L. Sun, A. V. Krasheninnikov, T. Ahlgren, K. Nordlund, and F. Banhart, Plastic deformation of single nanometer-sized crystals, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 156101 (2008), see also commentary on article by S. Suresh and J. Li, Nature 456 (2008) 717., http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sun08a.pdf.

[226] E. Holmström, A. Kuronen, and K. Nordlund, Threshold defect production in silicon determined by density functional theory molecular dynamics simulations, Phys. Rev. B 78, 045202 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hol08a.pdf.

[227] T. T. Järvi, J. A. Pakarinen, A. Kuronen, and K. Nordlund, Enhanced sputtering from nanoparticles and thin films: Size effects, EPL 82, 26002 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Jar08a.pdf.

[228] T. T. Järvi, D. Pohl, K. Albe, B. Rellinghaus, L. Schultz, J. Fassbender, A. Kuronen, and K. Nordlund, From multiply twinned to fcc nanoparticles via irradiation-induced transient amorphization, EPL 85, 26001 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Jar08b.pdf.

[229] K. Vörtler, C. Björkas, D. Terentyev, L. Malerba, and K. Nordlund, The effect of Cr concentration on radiation damage in Fe-Cr alloys, J. Nucl. Mater. 382, 24 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Vor08.pdf.

[230] K. Nordlund, T. T. Järvi, K. Meinander, and J. Samela, Cluster ion-solid interactions from meV to MeV energies, Appl. Phys. A 91, 561 (2008), invited paper, http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor08.pdf.

[231] F. Zirkelbach, J. K. N. Lindner, K. Nordlund, and B. Stritzker, Molecular dynamics simulation of defect formation and precipitation in heavily carbon doped silicon, Mat. Sci. Engr. B 159-160, 149 (2008).

[232] P. Kluth, C. S. Schnohr, O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, D. J. Sprouster, R. Giulian, M. C. Ridgway, A. P. Byrne, C. Trautmann, D. J. Cookson, K. Nordlund, and M. Toulemonde, Fine structure in swift heavy ion tracks in amorphous SiO2, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 175503 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Klu08.pdf.

[233] F. Djurabekova, M. Backman, O. H. Pakarinen, K. Nordlund, L. Araujo, and M. Ridgway, Amorphization of Ge nanocrystals embedded in amorphous silica under ion irradiation, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 267, 1235 (2009).

[234] K. Nordlund and J. Samela, Atomic flows, coronas and cratering in Au, Si and SiO2, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 267, 1420 (2009).

[235] O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, P. Kluth, and M. Ridgway, Molecular dynamics simulations of the structure of latent tracks in quartz and amorphous SiO2, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 267, 1456 (2009).

[236] M. I. Airila, T. Ikonen, D. Borodin, , A. Kirschner, K. Nordlund, and A. Loarte, Improvement of surface processes modelling in the ERO code, J. Nucl. Mater 390-391, 175 (2009).

[237] K. Meinander and K. Nordlund, Irradiation induced densification of cluster-assembled thin films, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045411 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Mei08b.pdf.

[238] J. Samela and K. Nordlund, Transition from atomistic to macroscopic cluster stopping in Au, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 267, 2980 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sam08.pdf.

[239] C. Björkas, K. Nordlund, and S. Dudarev, Modelling Radiation Effects Using the Ab-initio Based Tungsten and Vanadium Potentials, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 267, 3204 (2008), see also Erratum, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 268 (2010) 1529, http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bjo08cpreprint.pdf.

[240] N. Tymiak, D. Chrobak, S. Nagao, K. Nordlund, J. Räisänen, W. Gerberich, and R. Nowak, Comment on ''Nanoindentation hardness aniostropy of alumina crystal: A molecular dynamics study'' [Appl. Phys. Lett., 92, 161904 2008], Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 146101 (2009).

[241] K. O. E. Henriksson and K. Nordlund, Simulations of cementite: An analytical potential for the Fe-C system, Phys. Rev. B 79, 144107 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hen08.pdf.

[242] H. Ristolainen, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, M. Fujikane, and R. Nowak, Studies of the Elastic Properties of Amorphous Silica by Molecular Dynamics Simulations, 749, W13.1 (2008).

[243] D. Terentyev, N. Juslin, K. Nordlund, and N. Sandberg, Fast three dimensional migration of He clusters in bcc Fe and Fe-Cr alloys, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 103509 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Ter08.pdf.

[244] T. T. Järv, A. Kuronen, M. Hakala, K. Nordlund, A. C. T. van Duin, W. A. Goddard, III, and T. Jacob, Development of a ReaxFF description for gold, Eur. Phys. J. B. 66, 75 (2008), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Jar08c.pdf.

[245] S. Dudarev, J.-L. Boutard, R. Lässer, M. Caturla, P.M.Derlet, M. Fivel, C.-C. Fu, M. Lavrentiev, L. Malerba, M. Mrovec, D. Nguyen-Manh, K. Nordlund, M. Perlado, R. Schäublin, H. V. Swygenhoven, D. Terentyev, J. Wallenius, D. Weygand, and F. Willaime, The EU programme for modelling radiation effects in fusion reactor materials: An overview of recent advances and future goals, J. Nucl. Mater. 386-388, 1 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Dud08.pdf.

[246] L. Malerba, M. C. Marinica, N. Anento, C. Björkas, H. Nguyen, C. Domain, F. Djurabekova, P. Olsson, K. Nordlund, A. Serra, D. Terentyev, F. Willaime, and C. Becquart, Comparison of empirical interatomic potentials for iron applied to radiation damage studies, J. Nucl. Mater. 406, 19 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Mal09a.pdf.

[247] S. Vuckovic, J. Samela, K. Nordlund, and V. N. Popok, Pinning of size-selected Co clusters on highly ordered pyrolytic graphite, Eur. Phys. J. D 52, 107 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Vuc09.pdf.

[248] C. Björkas and K. Nordlund, Assessment of the relation between ion beam mixing, electron-phonon coupling, and damage production in Fe, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 267, 1830 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bjo09a.pdf.

[249] F. Djurabekova, L. Malerba, R. C. Pasianot, P. Olsson, and K. Nordlund, Kinetics versus thermodynamics in materials modelling: the case of the di-vacancy in iron, Phil. Mag. A 90, 2585 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Dju09a.pdf.

[250] V. N. Popok, S. Vuckovic, E. E. B. Campbell, J. Jensen, J. Samela, and K. Nordlund, Energetic Cluster-Surface Interactions, Proceedings of the 2009 Ion-Solid Interactions conference (Moscow aviation institute publisher, Moscow, Russia, 2009), Vol. 1, p. 49.

[251] F. Djurabekova, M. Backman, O. H. Pakarinen, K. Nordlund, L. L. Araujo, and M. C. Ridgway, Energetic ion modification of semiconductor nanocrystals embedded in silica: simulation and experiments, Proceedings of the 2009 Ion-Solid Interactions conference (Moscow aviation institute publisher, Moscow, Russia, 2009), Vol. 2, p. 149.

[252] K. Nordlund, K. Vörtler, and C. Björkas, Atomistic simulations of plasma-wall interactions on the first wall of fusion reactors, Proceedings of the 2009 Ion-Solid Interactions conference (Moscow aviation institute publisher, Moscow, Russia, 2009).

[253] K. Meinander, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Self-assembly of supported metal clusters into ring-like structures, Nanotechnology 24, 035602 (2013), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Mei09cpreprint.pdf.

[254] E. Holmström, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and K. Nordlund, Quantum and Classical Molecular Dynamics Studies of the Threshold Displacement Energy in Si Bulk and Nanowire, in Ion Beams and Nano-Engineering, Vol. 1181 of MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by D. Ila, J. K. N. Lindner, P. K. Chu, J. Baglin, and N. Kishimoto (MRS, Warrendale, PA, USA, 2010), pp. 111--122.

[255] C. Björkas, N. Juslin, H. Timk'o, K. Vörtler, K. Nordlund, K. O. E. Henriksson, and P. Erhart, Interatomic potentials for the beryllium Be-C-H system, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 445002 (2009).

[256] K. Albe, J. Nord, and K. Nordlund, Dynamic charge-transfer bond-order potential for gallium nitride, Phil. Mag. A 89, 3477 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Alb09a.pdf.

[257] H. Timk'o, F. Djurabekova, L. Costelle, K. Nordlund, K. Matyash, R. Schneider, A. Toerklep, G. Arnau-Izquierdo, A. Descoeudres, S. Calatroni, M. Taborelli, and W. Wuensch, Mechanism of surface modification from the arc plasma-surface interaction in Cu, Phys. Rev. B 81, 184109 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Tim09a.pdf.

[258] A. V. Krasheninnikov and K. Nordlund, Ion and electron irradiation-induced effects in nanostructured materials, J. Appl. Phys. (Applied Physics Reviews) 107, 071301 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/JAPreview09.pdf.

[259] K. Vörtler and K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics simulations of deuterium trapping and re-emission in tungsten-carbide, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 5382 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Vor09.pdf.

[260] T. T. Järvi, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, and K. Albe, Damage production in nanoparticles under light ion irradiation, Phys. Rev. B 80, 132101 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Jar09.pdf.

[261] T. T. Järvi, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, and K. Albe, Low energy cluster deposition of nanoalloys, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 063516 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Jar09b.pdf.

[262] K. Meinander and K. Nordlund, Modeling of film growth by cluster deposition: The effect of size and energy, Phys. Rev. B 79, 235435 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Mei09.pdf.

[263] M. Backholm, O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Absence of single threshold dose for the amorphization of quartz under ion irradiation, J. Appl. Phys. (2009), submitted for publication.

[264] J. A. Rodr'iguez-Manzo, I. Janowska, C. Pham-Huu, A. Tolvanen, A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, and F. Banhart, Growth of single-wall carbon nanotubes from sharp metal tips, Small 5, 2710 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Rod09.pdf.

[265] N. Juslin and K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics simulations of collision cascades in FeCrHe, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 267, 3420 (2009).

[266] D. Terentyev, K. Vörtler, C. Björkas, K. Nordlund, and L. Malerba, Primary radiation damage in bcc Fe and Fe-Cr crystals containing dislocation loops, J. Nucl. Mater. 417, 1063 (2011).

[267] M. Backman, F. Djurabekova, O. H. Pakarinen, K. Nordlund, L. L. Araujo, and M. C. Ridgway, Amorphization of Ge and Si nanocrystals embedded in amorphous SiO2 by ion irradiation, Phys. Rev. B 80, 144109 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bac09.pdf.

[268] V. N. Popok, S. Vuckovic, J. Samela, T. T. Järvi, K. Nordlund, and E. E. B. Campbell, Stopping of energetic cobalt clusters and formation of radiation damage in graphite, Phys. Rev. B 80, 205419 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Pop09b.pdf.

[269] C. Björkas, K. Vörtler, K. Nordlund, D. Nishijima, and R. Doerner, Chemical sputtering of Be due to D bombardment, New J. Phys. 11, 123017 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bjo09c.pdf.

[270] M. Rieth, J. L. Boutard, S. L. Dudarev, T. Ahlgren, S. Antusch, N. Baluc, M.-F. Barthe, C. S. Becquart, L. Ciupinski, J. B. Correia, C. Domain, J. Fikar, E. Fortuna, C.-C. Fu, E. Gaganidze, T. L. Galan, C. Garcia-Rosales, B. Gludovatz, K. Heinola, N. Holstein, N. Juslin, F. Koch, W. Krauss, K. J. Kurzydlowski, J. Linke, C. Linsmeier, N. Luzginova, H. Maier, M. S. Martinez, J. M. Missiaen, A. Munos, M. Muzyk, K. Nordlund, D. Nguyen-Manh, P. Norajitra, G. Pintsuk, R. Pippan, G. Ritz, L. Romaner, D. Rupp, R. Schäublin, J. Schlosser, I. Uytdenhouwen, J. van der Laan, L. Veleva, L. Ventelon, S. Wahlberg, F. Willaime, S. Wurster, and M. A. Yar, Review on the EFDA Programme on Tungsten Materials Technology and Science, J. Nucl. Mater. 417, 463 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Rie09.pdf.

[271] N. Juslin, V. Jansson, and K. Nordlund, Simulation of cascades in W-He, Phil. Mag. A 90, 3581 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Jus09b.pdf.

[272] O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, and K. Nordlund, Density evolution in formation of swift heavy ion tracks in insulators, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 268, 3163 (2010).

[273] F. Djurabekova, M. Backholm, M. Backman, O. H. Pakarinen, J. Keinonen, K. Nordlund, T.-R. Shan, B. D. Devine, and S. B. Sinnott, Amorphization of alpha-quartz and comparative study of defects in amorphized quartz and Si nanocrystals embedded in amorphous silica, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 268, 3095 (2010).

[274] H. Timk'o, K. Matyash, R. Schneider, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, A. Hansen, A. Descoeudres, J. Kovermann, A. Grudiev, W. Wuensch, S. Calatroni, and M. Taborelli, A one-dimensional particle-in-cell model of plasma build-up in vacuum arcs, Contributions to Plasma Physics 51, 5 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Tim09b.pdf.

[275] J. A. Rodriguez-Manzo, A. Tolvanen, A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, A. Demortiere, and F. Banhart, Defect-induced junctions between single- or double-wall carbon nanotubes and metal crystals, Nanoscale 2, 901 (2010).

[276] D. J. Sprouster, R. Giulian, L. L. Araujo, P. Kluth, B. Johannessen, K. Nordlund, and M. C. Ridgway, Ion Irradiation Induced Amorphization of Cobalt Nanoparticles, Phys. Rev. B 81, 155414 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Spr09.pdf.

[277] A. Harjunmaa and K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics simulations of Si/Ge cluster condensation, Comput. Mater. Sci. 47, 456 (2009), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Har09.pdf.

[278] F. Djurabekova, M. Backman, O. H. Pakarinen, K. Nordlund, L. L. Araujo, and M. C. Ridgway, Alternation of crystal structure of Ge nanocrystals embedded in amorphous SiO2 by ion irradiation (in Russian), Uzbek Journal of Physics 12, 76 (2010).

[279] E. Holmström, M. Hakala, and K. Nordlund, Amorphous defect clusters of pure Si and the type inversion in Si detectors, Phys. Rev. B 82, 094102 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hol09b.pdf.

[280] E. Holmström, K. Nordlund, and A. Kuronen, Threshold defect production in germanium determined by density functional theory molecular dynamics simulations, Physica Scripta 81, 035601 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hol10a.pdf.

[281] J. Samela and K. Nordlund, Classical molecular dynamics simulations of hypervelocity nanoparticle impacts on amorphous silica, Phys. Rev. B 81, 054108 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sam10a.pdf.

[282] O. Lehtinen, J. Kotakoski, A. V. Krasheninnikov, A. Tolvanen, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Effects of ion bombardment on a two-dimensional target: atomistic simulations of graphene irradiation, Phys. Rev. B 81, 153401 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Leh10.pdf.

[283] S. A. Norris, J. Samela, C. S. Madi, M. P. Brenner, L. Bukonte, M. Backman, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, and M. J. Aziz, MD-Predicted Phase diagrams for Pattern Formation, Nature communications 2, 276 (2011).

[284] K. Vörtler, C. Björkas, and K. Nordlund, The effect of plasma impurities on the sputtering of tungsten carbide, J. Phys.: Conden. Matter 23, 085002 (2010).

[285] A. Tolvanen, A. V. Krasheninnikov, A. Kuronen, and K. Nordlund, Effect of iron nanoparticle geometry on the energetics of carbon interstititals, physica status solidi C 7, 1274 (2010).

[286] A. Harjunmaa and K. Nordlund, Growing multiple layers of porous semiconductors -- a molecular dynamics study, EPL 91, 26002 (2010).

[287] M. Backman, F. Djurabekova, O. H. Pakarinen, K. Nordlund, and M. Toulemonde, Contribution of Electronic Energy Deposition to the Atomic Cascade Damage in Nanocrystals, in Materials for Nuclear Applications and Extreme Environments, MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by R. Devanthan, C. Trautmann, A. Misra, and B. Wirth (MRS, Warrendale, PA, RSA, 2010), accepted for publication.

[288] M. I. Richard, A. Malachias, J.-L. Rouviere, T. Yoon, Y.-H. Xie, V. Holy, E. Holmström, K. Nordlund, and T.-H. Metzger, Tracking defect type and strain relaxation in patterned Ge/Si(001) islands by x-ray forbidden reflection analysis, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075314 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Ric10.pdf.

[289] E. Holmström, L. Toikka, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and K. Nordlund, Response of mechanically strained nanomaterials to irradiation: insight from atomistic simulations, Phys. Rev. B. 82, 045420 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hol10b.pdf.

[290] O. Saresoja, A. Kuronen, and K. Nordlund, Atomistic simulation of the explosion welding process, Adv. Engr. Mater. 14, 265 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Sar10a.pdf.

[291] F. Djurabekova, S. Parviainen, A. Pohjonen, and K. Nordlund, Atomistic modeling of metal surfaces under electric fields: Direct coupling of electric fields to a molecular dynamics algorithm, Phys. Rev. E 83, 026704 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Dju10c.pdf.

[292] S. Parviainen, F. Djurabekova, H. Timko, and K. Nordlund, Implementation of electronic processes into molecular dynamics simulations of nanoscale metal tips under electric fields, Comput. Mater. Sci. 50, 2075 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Par10.pdf.

[293] A. S. Pohjonen, F. Djurabekova, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, and S. Fitzgerald, Dislocation nucleation from near surface void under static tensile stress on surface in Cu, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 023509 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Poh10.pdf.

[294] V. N. Popok, K. Samela, K. Nordlund, and E. E. B. Campbell, Stopping of energetic argon cluster ions in graphite: role of cluster momentum and charge, Phys. Rev. B 82, 201403 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Pop10a.pdf.

[295] K. Heinola, T. Ahlgren, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Hydrogen interaction with point defects in tungsten,, Phys. Rev. B 82, 094102 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hei10a.pdf.

[296] C. Björkas, K. O. E. Henriksson, M. Probst, and K. Nordlund, A Be-W interatomic potential, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (fast track communication) 22, 352206 (2010).

[297] J. Samela, S. A. Norris, K. Nordlund, and M. J. Aziz, Optimization of large amorphous silicon and silica structures for molecular dynamics simulations of energetic impacts, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 269, 1568 (2011).

[298] S. Parviainen, F. Djurabekova, A. Pohjonen, and K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics simulations of nanoscale metal tips under electric fields, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 269, 1748 (2011).

[299] F. Djurabekova, J. Samela, H. Timko, K. Nordlund, S. Calatroni, M. Taborelli, and W. Wuensch, Crater formation by single ions, cluster ions and ion ``showers'', Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 272, 374 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Dju11b.pdf.

[300] T. T. Järvi and K. Nordlund, Sputtering of freestanding metal nanocrystals, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 272, 66 (2012).

[301] F. Zirkelbach, B. Stritzker, K. Nordlund, J. K. N. Lindner, W. G. Schmidt, and E. Rauls, Defects in Carbon implanted Silicon calculated by classical potentials and first principles methods, Phys. Rev. B 82, 094110 (2010), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Zir10.pdf.

[302] S. Calatroni, A. Descoeudres, A. Hansen, J. W. Kovermann, M. Taborelli, H. Timko, W. Wuensch, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, A. Pohjonen, and A. Kuronen, Breakdown Studies for the CLIC Accelerating Structures, Proceedings of the 2010 LINAC conference (Joint Accelerator Conference Website, http://epaper.kek.jp/index.html, 2010), available online at http://epaper.kek.jp/LINAC2010/papers/mop070.pdf.

[303] O. Lehtinen, E. Dumur, J. Kotakoski, A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund, and J. Keinonen, Defect production in hexagonal boron nitride monolayer under ion irradiation, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 269, 1327 (2011).

[304] K. Nordlund, C. Björkas, K. Vörtler, A. Meinander, A. Lasa, M. Mehine, and A. V. Krasheninnikov, Mechanism of swift chemical sputtering: comparison of Be/C/W dimer bond breaking, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 269, 1257 (2011).

[305] I. Juurinen, K. Nakahara, N. Ando, T. Nishiumi, H. Seta, N. Yoshida, T. Morinaga, M. Itou, T. Ninomiya, Y. Sakurai, E. Salonen, K. Nordlund, K. Hamalainen, and M. Hakala, Measurement of two solvation regimes in water-ethanol mixtures using x-ray Compton scattering, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 197401 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Juu10.pdf.

[306] M. Mehine, C. Björkas, K. Vörtler, K. Nordlund, and M. I. Airila, Modelling the erosion of beryllium carbide surfaces, J. Nucl. Mater. 414, 1 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Meh10.pdf.

[307] E. Holmström, J. Samela, and K. Nordlund, Atomistic simulations of fracture in silica glass through hypervelocity impact, EPL 96, 16005 (2011).

[308] K. O. E. Henriksson, C. Björkas, and K. Nordlund, Enabling atomistic simulations of stainless steels: A bond-order potential for Fe-Cr-C system, J. Phys. Condens. Matt. 25, 445401 (2013).

[309] T. T. Järvi, A. C. T. van Duin, K. Nordlund, , and W. A. Goddard, III, Development of interatomic ReaxFF potentials for Au-S-C-H systems, J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 10315 (2011).

[310] P. Kluth, O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, , R. Giulian, M. C. Ridgway, A. P. Byrne, and K. Nordlund, Nanoscale density fluctuations in swift heavy ion irradiated amorphous SiO2, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 123520 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Klu11a.pdf.

[311] S. Hoilijoki, E. Holmström, and K. Nordlund, Enhancement of defect production in Si nanowires, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 043540 (2011).

[312] A. Harjunmaaa, K. Nordlund, and A. Stukowski, Structure of Si/Ge nanoclusters: Kinetics and thermodynamics, Comput. Mater. Sci. 50, 1504 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Har11.pdf.

[313] F. Zirkelbach, B. Stritzker, K. Nordlund, J. K. N. Lindner, W. G. Schmidt, and E. Rauls, Combined ab initio and classical potential simulation study on silicon carbide precipitation in silicon, Phys. Rev. B 84, 064216 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Zir11.pdf.

[314] M. W. Ullah, A. Kuronen, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, and P. Karaseov, Molecular dynamics simulations of damage buildup by atomic and molecular projectiles in GaN, Proceedings of the 2011 Ion-Solid Interactions conference (Moscow aviation institute publisher, Moscow, Russia, 2011), pp. 250--254.

[315] K. Nordlund, S. Hoilijoki, and E. Holmström, Ion Irradiation Effects in Silicon Nanowires, in Ion Beams--New Applications from Mesoscale to Nanoscale, Vol. 1354 of MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by J. Baglin, D. Ila, G. Marletta, and A. Oztarhan (MRS, Warrendale, PA, USA, 2011), pp. 11--1354--ii09--01.

[316] K. Trachenko, E. Zarkadoula, I. T. Todorov, M. T. Dove, D. J. Dunstan, and K. Nordlund, Modeling high-energy radiation damage in nuclear and fusion applications, J. Nucl. Mater. 277, 6 (2012).

[317] K. O. E. Henriksson and K. Nordlund, Irradiation cascades in cementite: 0.1 to 10 keV Fe recoils, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 277, 136 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hen11.pdf.

[318] V. N. Popok, J. Samela, K. Nordlund, and V. P. Popov, Impact of keV-energy argon clusters on diamond and graphite, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 282, 112 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Pop11.pdf.

[319] K. Vörtler, N. Juslin, G. Bonny, L. Malerba, and K. Nordlund, The effect of prolonged irradiation on defect production and ordering in Fe-Cr and Fe-Ni alloys, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 23, 355007 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Vor11.pdf.

[320] A. A. Leino, O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, and K. Nordlund, A study on the elongation of embedded Au nanoclusters in SiO2 by swift heavy ion irradiation using MD simulations, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 282, 76 (2012).

[321] H. Timko, M. Aicheler, P. Alknes, S. Calatroni, A. Oltedal, A. Toerklep, M. Taborelli, W. Wuensch, F. Djurabekova, and K. Nordlund, Energy Dependence of Processing and Breakdown Properties of Cu and Mo, Phys. Rev. ST-AB 14, 101003 (2011), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Tim11.pdf.

[322] C. Björkas, K. Nordlund, and M. J. Caturla, Influence of the picosecond defect distribution on damage accumulation in irradiated alpha-Fe, Phys. Rev. B 85, 024105 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bjo11.pdf.

[323] K. Nordlund and F. Djurabekova, Defect model for the dependence of breakdown rate on external electric fields, Phys. Rev. ST-AB 15, 071002 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor11b.pdf.

[324] V. N. Popok, J. Samela, K. Nordlund, and V. P. Popov, Stopping of keV-energy argon clusters and radiation damage in diamond, Phys. Rev. B 85, 033405 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Pop11b.pdf.

[325] A. S. Pohjonen, F. Djurabekova, A. Kuronen, S. G. Fitzgerald, and K. Nordlund, Analytical model of dislocation nucleation on a near-surface void under tensile surface stress, Phil. Mag. 92, 1 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Poh11.pdf.

[326] H. Timko, K. Matyash, R. Schneider, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, S. Calatroni, and W. Wuensch, Modeling of cathode plasma initiation in copper vacuum arc discharges via particle-in-cell simulations, Physics of Plasmas (2011), submitted for publication.

[327] A. Meinander, K. Henriksson, C. Björkas, K. Vörtler, and K. Nordlund, The Effect of C Concentration on Radiation Damage in Fe-Cr-C Alloys, J. Nucl. Mater. (2011), ICFRM conference paper, accepted for publication.

[328] L. G. V. Briquet, A. Jana, L. Mether, K. Nordlund, P. Philipp, and T. Wirtz, Carbon Deposition on Flat and Rough Silicon Surfaces by Molecular Dynamics Simulations, J. Phys: Condens Matter 24, 395004 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bri11.pdf.

[329] F. Granberg, S. Parviainen, F. Djurabekova, and K. Nordlund, Investigation of the thermal stability of Cu nanowires using atomistic simulations, J. Appl. Phys. (2012), accepted for publication.

[330] E. Holmström, J. Kotakoski, L. Lechner, U. Kaiser, and K. Nordlund, On the ion beam thinning of Si lamellae, AIP Advances 2, 012186 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Hol12.pdf.

[331] M. Backman, F. Djurabekova, O. H. Pakarinen, K. Nordlund, Y. Zhang, M. Toulemonde, and W. J. Weber, Synergy of electronic and nuclear stopping in ion irradiation damage in silica, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45, 505305 (2012).

[332] J. Polvi, P. Luukkonen, K. Nordlund, T. T. Järvi, T. W. Kemper, and S. B. Sinnott, Primary radiation defect production in polyethylene and cellulose, J. Phys. Chem. B 116, 13932 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Pol12.pdf.

[333] A. Lasa, C. Björkas, K. Vörtler, and K. Nordlund, MD Simulations of Low Energy Deuterium Irradiation on W, WC andW2C surfaces, J. Nucl. Mater. 429, 284 (2012).

[334] W. Ren, A. Kuronen, and K. Nordlund, Molecular dynamics of irradiation-induced defect production in GaN nanowires, Phys. Rev. B 86, 104114 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Ren12.pdf.

[335] M. W. Ullah, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, F. Djurabekova, P. Karaseov, and A. I. Titov, Atomistic simulation of damage production by atomic and molecular irradiation in GaN, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 043517 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Ull12.pdf.

[336] A. Pohjonen, F. Djurabekova, A. Kuronen, and K. Nordlund, MD simulations of near surface void in copper under thermal compression, MRS Symposium Proceedings, edited by S. Persheyev (MRS, Warrendale, PA, USA, 2011).

[337] C. Björkas, D. Borodin, A. Kirschner, R. K. Janev, D. Nishijima, R. Doerner, and K. Nordlund, Multi-scale modeling of BeD Molecular Sputtering, J. Nucl. Mater. 438, S272 (2012).

[338] M. I. Airila, C. Björkas, A. Lasa, A. Meinander, K. Nordlund, and K. Vöortler, Accumulation of beryllium in mixed materials on ITER divertor, J. Nucl. Mater. 438, S589 (2012).

[339] M. Backholm, K. Nordlund, and M. Foss, Roughness of Glancing Angle Deposited Titanium Thin Films - An Experimental and Computational Study, Nanotechnology 23, 385708 (2012).

[340] F. Zirkelbach, B. Stritzker, K. Nordlund, W. G. Schmidt, E. Rauls, and J. K. N. Lindner, First-principles and empirical potential simulation study on intrinsic and carbon-related defects in silicon, physica status solidi (2012), EMRS 2012 conference paper, accepted for publication.

[341] M. Backman, N. Juslin, and K. Nordlund, Bond order potential for gold, Eur. Phys. J. B 85, 317 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bac12c.pdf.

[342] E. Marenkov, V. Kurnaev, A. Lasa, and K. Nordlund, On the molecular effect in hydrogen molecular ions penetration through thin films, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 287, 46 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Mar12a.pdf.

[343] M. Backman, F. Djurabekova, O. H. Pakarinen, K. Nordlund, Y. Zhang, M. Toulemonde, and W. J. Weber, Atomistic simulations of MeV ion irradiation of silica, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 303, 129 (2013).

[344] A. Lasa, K. O. E. Henriksson, and K. Nordlund, MD simulations of onset of tungsten fuzz formation under helium irradiation, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 303, 156 (2013).

[345] A. Meinander, C. Björkas, and K. Nordlund, The effect of hydrocarbon chemistry on sputtering in mixed Be-C-H materials, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 303, 188 (2013).

[346] E. Zarkadoula, M. T. Dove, K. Trachenko, S. L. Daraszewicz, D. M. Duffy, , M. Seaton, I. T. Todorov, and K. Nordlund, The nature of high-energy radiation damage in iron, J. Phys. Condens. Matt. 25, 125402 (2013).

[347] A. Debelle, M. Backman, L. Thom'e, W. J. Weber, M. Toulemonde, S. Mylonas, A. Boulle, O. H. Pakarinen, N. Juslin, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, and F. Garrido, Combined experimental and computational study of the recrystallization process induced by electronic interactions of swift heavy ions with silicon carbide crystals, Phys. Rev. B (Rapid Communications) 86, 100102 (2012), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Deb12.pdf.

[348] C. Björkas, D. Borodin, A. Kirschner, R. K. Janev, D. Nishijima, R. Doerner, and K. Nordlund, Molecules can be sputtered also from pure metals: sputtering of beryllium hydride by fusion plasma-wall interactions, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 55, 074004 (2012).

[349] M. Backholm, M. Foss, and K. Nordlund, Roughness scaling in titanium thin films: a three-dimensional molecular dynamics study of rotational and static glancing angle deposition, Appl. Surf. Sci. 268, 270 (2013).

[350] M. Backman, M. Toulemonde, O. H. Pakarinen, N. Juslin, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, A. Debelle, and W. J. Weber, Molecular dynamics simulations of swift heavy ion induced defect recovery in SiC, Comput. Mater. Sci. 67, 261 (2013).

[351] L. Pizzagalli, J. Godet, J. Gu'enol'e, S. Brochard, E. Holmström, K. Nordlund, and T. Albaret, A new parametrisation of the Stillinger-Weber potential for an improved description of defects and plasticity of silicon, J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 25, 055801 (2013), , and cover of issue 5.

[352] M. Rieth, S. Dudarev, S. G. de Vicente, J. Aktaa, T. Ahlgren, S. Antusch, D. Armstrong, M. Balden, N. Baluc, M.-F. Barthe, W. Basuki, M. Battabyal, C. Becquart, D. Blagoeva, H. Boldyryeva, J. Brinkmann, M. Celino, L. Ciupinski, J. Correia, A. D. Backer, C. Domain, E. Gaganidze, C. Garciya-Rosales, J. Gibson, M. Gilbert, S. Giusepponi, B. Gludovatz, H. Greuner, K. Heinola, T. Höschen, A. Hoffmann, N. Holstein, F. Koch, W. Krauss, H. Li, S. Lindig, J. Linke, C. Linsmeier, P. L'opez-Ruiz, H. Maier, J. Matejicek, T. Mishra, M. Muhammed, A. Munoz, M. Muzyk, K. Nordlund, D. Nguyen-Manh, J. Opschoor, N. Ord'as, T. Palacios, G. Pintsuk, R. Pippan, J. Reiser, J. Riesch, S. Roberts, L. Romaner, M. Rosinski, M. Sanchez, W. Schulmeyer, H. Traxler, A. Urena, J. van der Laan, L. Veleva, S. W. yand M. Walter, T. Weber, T. Weitkamp, S. Wurster, M. Yar, J. You, and A. Zivelonghi, Recent progress in research on tungsten materials for nuclear fusion applications in Europe, J. Nucl. Mater. 432, 482 (2013).

[353] L. Malerba, G. Bonny, D. Terentyev, E. E. Zhurkin, M. Hou, K. Vörtler, and K. Nordlund, Microchemical effects in irradiated Fe-Cr alloys as revealed by atomistic simulation, J. Nucl. Mater. 442, 486 (2013).

[354] L. Bukonte, F. Djurabekova, J. Samela, K. Nordlund, S. A. Norris, and M. J. Aziz, Comparison of molecular dynamics and binary collision approximation simulations for atom displacement analysis, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 297, 23 (2013), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Buk12.pdf.

[355] A. A. Leino, O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, P. Kluth, and M. C. Ridgway, Swift Heavy Ion Induced Shape Transformation of Au Nanocrystals Mediated by Molten Material Recrystallization, Materials Research Letters 2, 37 (2014), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Lei12.pdf.

[356] M. Ridgway, T. Bierschenk, R. G. , B. Afra, M. D. Rodriguez, L. Araujo, A. P. Byrne, N. Kirby, O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, M. Schleberger, O. Osmani, N. Medvedev, B. Rethfeld, W. Wesch, and P. Kluth, Track and voids in Amorphous Ge Induced by Swift Heavy-Ion Irradiation, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 245502 (2013), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Rid12a.pdf.

[357] T. T. Jarvi, L. Mayrhofer, J. Polvi, K. Nordlund, L. Pastewka, and M. Moseler, Adaptive molecular decomposition: Large-scale quantum chemistry for liquids, J. Chem. Phys. 138, 104108 (2013).

[358] B. Afra, M. D. Rodriguez, C. Trautmann, O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, T. Bierschenk, R. Giulian, M. C. Ridgway, G. Rizza, N. Kirby, M. Toulemonde, and P. Kluth, SAXS investigations of the morphology of swift heavy ion tracks in alpha-quartz, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 25, 045006 (2013), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Afr12.pdf.

[359] K. A. Avchaciov, Y. Ritter, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, and K. Albe, Controlled softening of Cu64Zr36 metallic glass by ion irradiation, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 181910 (2013).

[360] L. Thom'e, A. Debelle, F. Garrido, S. Mylonas, B. D'ecamps, C. Bachelet, G. Sattonnay, S. Moll, S. Pellegrino, S. Miro, P. Trocellier, Y. Serruys, G. Velisa, C. Grygiel, I. Monnet, M. Toulemonde, P. Simon, J. Jagielski, I. Jozwik-Biala, L. Nowicki, M. Behar, W. Weber, Y. Zhang, M. Backman, K. Nordlund, and F. Djurabekova, Radiation Effects in Nuclear Materials: Role of Nuclear and Electronic Energy Losses and their Synergy, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B (2013), in press.

[361] C. Björkas and K. Nordlund, Variables affecting simulated Be sputtering yields, J. Nucl. Mater. 439, 174 (2013).

[362] J. Polvi and K. Nordlund, Self-recoil irradiation effects in crystalline polyethylene, Proceedings of the 2013 Ion-Solid Interactions conference (Moscow aviation institute publisher, Moscow, Russia, 2013), Vol. 2, pp. 69--73.

[363] V. N. Popok, J. Samela, K. Nordlund, and V. P. Popov, Cluster ion implantation and radiation damage in diamond, Proceedings of the 2013 Ion-Solid Interactions conference (Moscow aviation institute publisher, Moscow, Russia, 2013), Vol. 2, pp. 10--14.

[364] F. Djurabekova, M. Backman, O. H. Pakarinen, A. A. Leino, and K.Nordlund, Processing of insulators with and without nanoparticles by swift heavy ions, Proceedings of the 2013 Ion-Solid Interactions conference (Moscow aviation institute publisher, Moscow, Russia, 2013), Vol. 2, pp. 51--55.

[365] S. A. Norris, J. Samela, M. Vestberg, K. Nordlund, and M. J. Aziz, Crater functions for compound materials: A route to parameter estimation in coupled-PDE models of ion bombardment, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 318, 245 (2013).

[366] K. O. E. Henriksson and K. Nordlund, Mechanical and elastic changes in cementite Fe3C subjected to cumulative 1 keV Fe recoils, J. Nucl. Mater. (2013).

[367] G. Greaves, J. A. Hinks, P. Busby, N. J. Mellors, A. Ilinov, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, and S. E. Donnelly, Giant Sputtering Yields from Single-Ion Impacts on Gold Nanorods, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 065504 (2013), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Gre13.pdf.

[368] C. Cassidy, V. Singh, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, and M. Sowwan, Inoculation of Silicon Nanoparticles with Silver Atoms, Sci. Rep. 3, 3083 (2013), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Cas13.pdf.

[369] A. Lasa, S. K. Tähtinen, and K. Nordlund, Loop punching and bubble rupture causing surface roughening - a model for W fuzz growth, EPL 105, 25002 (2014), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Las13preprint.pdf.

[370] P. H. Chen, K. Avchachov, K. Nordlund, and K. Pussi, Molecular dynamics simulation of radiation damage in CaCd6 quasicrystal cubic approximant, J. Chem. Phys. 138, 234505 (2013), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Che13a.pdf.

[371] J. Polvi and K. Nordlund, Irradiation effects in high-density polyethylene, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 312, 54 (2013), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Pol13b.pdf.

[372] A. Lasa, K. Schmid, and K. Nordlund, Modelling of W-Be mixed material sputtering under H irradiation, Physica Scripta T159, 014059 (2014).

[373] G. Sinha, O. Heikkinen, M. Vestberg, L. Mether, K. Nordlund, and J. Lahtinen, Adsorption of maleic anhydride on Pt (111), Surface Science 620C, 9 (2013).

[374] A. E. Sand, S. L. Dudarev, and K. Nordlund, High energy collision cascades in tungsten: dislocation loops structure and clustering scaling laws, EPL 103, 46003 (2013).

[375] T. Bierschenk, R. Giulian, B. Afra, M. D. Rodriguez, D. Schauries, S. Mudie, O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, B. Rethfeld, M. C. Ridgway, and P. Kluth, Latent ion tracks in amorphous silicon, Phys. Rev. B 88, 174111 (2013), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Bie13preprint.pdf.

[376] A. Debelle, M. Backman, L. Thom'e, K. Nordlund, F. Djurabekova, W. J. Weber, I. Monnet, O. H. Pakarinen, F. Garrido, and F. Paumier, Swift heavy ion induced recrystallization in cubic silicon carbide: new insights from designed experiments and MD simulations, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B (2013), REI 2013 conference paper, submitted for publication.

[377] A. Kuronen, W. Ren, and K. Nordlund, Atomistic simulation of irradiation effects in GaN nanowires, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B (2013), REI 2013 conference paper, submitted for publication.

[378] J. Polvi and K. Nordlund, Comparison of low-energy beta-radiation effects in polyethylene and cellulose, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B (2013), REI 2013 conference paper, accepted for publication, http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Pol13c.pdf.

[379] A. A. Leino, S. L. Daraszewicz, O. H. Pakarinen, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, B. Afra, and P. Kluth, Structural analysis of simulated swift heavy ion tracks in quartz, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B (2013), REI 2013 conference paper, accepted for publication.

[380] K. Nordlund and F. Djurabekova, Multiscale modelling of irradiation in nanostructures, J. Comput. Electr. 13, 122 (2014), Invited review paper for special issue on device modelling, http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Nor13apreprint.pdf.

[381] M. W. Ullah, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, F. Djurabekova, A. I. Titov, and P. Karaseov, Defect clustering in irradiation of GaN by single and molecular ions, Vacuum (2013), accepted for publication.

[382] M. W. Ullah, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, F. Djurabekova, P. A. Karaseov, K. V. Karabeshkin, and A. I. Titov, Effects of defect clustering on optical properties of GaN by single and molecular ion irradiation, J. Appl. Phys. 114, 183511 (2013).

[383] P. H. Chen and K. Nordlund, Modified embedded-atom method interatomic potential for defects and phase formation in W-C system, Phys. Rev. B 88, 214101 (2013).

[384] E. Zarkadoula, R. Devanathan, W. J. Weber, M. Seaton, I. T. Todorov, , K. Nordlund, M. T. Dove, and K. Trachenko, High-energy radiation damage in zirconia: Modeling results, J. Appl. Phys. 115, 083507 (2014).

[385] V. Zadin, A.Pohjonen, A. Aabloo, K. Nordlund, and F. Djurabekova, Electrostatic-elastoplastic simulations of copper surface under- high electrical fields, Phys. Rev. ST-AB (2013), submitted for publication.

[386] A. Ilinov, A. Kuronen, K. Nordlund, G. Greaves, J. A. Hinks, P. Busby, N. J. Mellors, and S. E. Donnelly, Sputtering yields exceeding 1000 by 80 keV Xe irradiation of Au nanorods, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B (2013), submitted for publication.

[387] Y.-N. Liu, X. Shu, Y. Yu, Guang-Hong, X.-C. Li, T. Ahlgren, L. Bukonte, and K. Nordlund, Mechanism of vacancy formation induced by hydrogen in tungsten, AIP Advances 3, 122111 (2013), http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Liu13a.pdf.

[388] K. A. Avchaciov, Y. Ritter, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, and K. Albe, Effect of ion irradiation on structural properties of Cu64Zr36 metallic glass, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B (2013), submitted for publication.

[389] J. Polvi and K. Nordlund, Low-energy irradiation effects in cellulose, J. Appl. Phys. 115, 023521 (2014).

[390] F. Granberg, D. Terentyev, K. O. E. Henriksson, F. Djurabekova, and K. Nordlund, Interaction of dislocations with carbides in BCC Fe studied by molecular dynamics, Fusion Science and Technology (2013), ICFRM-16 conference paper, submitted for publication.

[391] T. Maslowski, A. Drzewinsk, J. Ulner, J. Wojtkiewicz, M. Zdanowska-Fraczek, K. Nordlund, and A. Kuronen, Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulation of Protonic Conductivity, Phys. Rev. E (2013), submitted for publication.

[392] A. E. Sand, K. Nordlund, and S. L. Dudarev, Radiation damage production in massive cascades initiated by fusion neutrons in tungsten, J. Nucl. Mater. (2013), ICFRM-16 conference paper, submitted for publication.

[393] K. Nordlund, C. Björkas, T. Ahlgren, , A. Lasa, and A. E. Sand, Multiscale modelling of plasma-wall interactions in fusion reactor conditions, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (2014), Invited paper for Special Issue on Fundamentals of plasma-surface interactions, accepted for publication.

[394] V. Singh, C. Cassidy, P. Grammatikopoulos, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, and M. Sowwan, Co-sputtering synthesis and growth modeling for Janus and core-satellite Si-Ag nanoparticles, Nano Research (2013), submitted for publication.

[395] P. Grammatikopoulos and K. Nordlund, Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Cr-precipitate demixing in FeCr alloys, Rad. Eff. Def. in Solids (2013), submitted for publication.

[396] E. Zarkadoula, S. L. Daraszewicz, D. M. Duffy, M. Seaton, I. T. Todorov, K. Nordlund, M. T. Dove, and K. Trachenko, Electronic effects in high-energy radiation damage in iron, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 26, 085401 (2014).

[397] A. Lasa, K. Heinola, and K. Nordlund, Atomistic Simulations of Be irradiation on W: Mixed Layer Formation and Erosion, Nuclear Fusion (2013), accepted for publication.

[398] B. Afra, K. Nordlund, T. Bierschenk, C. Trautmann, M. D. Rodriguez, S. Mudie, , and P. Kluth, Thermal response of nanoscale cylindrical inclusions of amorphous silica embedded in alpha-quartz, X (2014), to be submitted for publication.

[399] A. Lasa, K. Heinola, and K. Nordlund, Effect of Beryllium on the Deuterium Implantation in Tungsten by Atomistic Simulations, Nuclear Fusion (2014), submitted for publication.

[400] P. Grammatikopoulos, E. Toulkeridou, K. Nordlund, and M. Sowwan, General analytical model of nanoparticle coalescence for modeling and engineering of porous films, J. Appl. Phys. (2014), submitted for publication.

[401] A. Ruzibaev, F. Djurabekova, and K. Nordlund, Local Work Function of Cu surface around atomistic defects and in high external electric field, Comput. Mater. Sci. (2014), submitted for publication.

Book contributions

[1] S. E. Donnelly, R. C. Birtcher, and K. Nordlund, Engineering Thin Films and Nanostructures with Ion Beams, edited by E. J. Knystautas (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2005), Chap. Single Ion Induced Spike Effects on Thin Metal Films: Observation and Simulation, pp. 7--78.

[2] K. Nordlund and R. S. Averback, Handbook of Materials Modeling, edited by S. Yip (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2005), Vol. 1, Chap. 6.2. Point defects in metals.

[3] J. Keinonen, F. Djurabekova, K. Nordlund, and K. P. Lieb, Silicon nanophotonics: Basic Principles, Present Status and Perspectives, edited by L. Khriachtchev (World Scientific, Singapore, 2008), Chap. 14. Light Emitting Defects in Ion-Irradiated Alpha-Quartz, pp. 379--396.

[4] K. Nordlund and J. Keinonen, Ion Beams in Nanoscience and Technology, edited by R. Hellborg, H. Whitlow, and Y. Zhang (Springer, Berlin, 2010), Chap. Nanocluster and Nanovoid Formation by Ion Implantation, pp. 239--251.

Non-refereed articles

[1] K. Nordlund, A quantitative study on the temporal evolution of the practice of ritual oral application of ''Arrakspunsch'' among members of a cultural minority in Finland, Spektraklet 61, 1933 (1994).

[2] K. Nordlund, Laskennallisen fysiikan suuret haasteet -- materiaalisuunnittelusta fuusioreaktoriin, Tietoyhteys 3, 10 (1999).

[3] K. Nordlund and J. Keinonen, Ion irradiation of solids: the unexpected role of the surface, in CSC Report on Scientific Computing 1997-1998, edited by J. Haataja (Center for Scientific Computing, Finland, 1999), pp. 45--48.

[4] K. Nordlund, J. Tarus, and J. Keinonen, Atomic structures in semiconductors: dynamics, defects, and distributions, in CSC Report on Scientific Computing 1999-2000, edited by S. Kotila and J. Haataja (Center for Scientific Computing, Finland, 2001), p. 72.

[5] K. Nordlund, Ion beam modification of carbon nanotubes, in CSC Report on Scientific Computing 2001-2002, edited by S. K. et al. (Center for Scientific Computing, Finland, 2003), pp. 49--53.

[6] P. Hakonen, E. Kauppinen, and K. Nordlund, Atomitason elektroniikkaa, Prosessori-lehti 11, 32 (2004).

[7] K. Nordlund, Editorial, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 228, vii (2005).

[8] K. Nordlund, Muistikuvia Matlun syntyhistoriasta, Kaaos 1, 14 (2005).

[9] K. Nordlund, Universum som dator: finns det genvägar?, Hufvudstadsbladet , 20 mars 2005, Söndagsbilaga sid. 20.

[10] K. Nordlund, Materialfysikens kritiska roll för fusionsenergi, Arkhimedes 2, 14 (2005).

[11] K. Nordlund and T. Linden, Verkkolaskennan näkökulmia, ATK-tietotekniikkaa yliopistolle 1, 36 (2005).

[12] K. Nordlund, N. Juslin, C. Björkas, L. Malerba, and D. Terentyev, Final report on EFDA subtask EFDA-05-TTMS-007-13a, Report series in Physics HU-P-266 (Department of Physical Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, 2006).

[13] K. Nordlund, Louhi mahdollistaa nanorakenteiden kasvun kvanttimekaanisen mallinnuksen, Tietoyhteys 16 (2006).

[14] K. Nordlund, A. Krasheninnikov, and J. Kotakoski, The exciting science of imperfect carbon nanotubes, CSC News 26 (2006), and cover.

[15] D. Chrobak, K. Nordlund, and R. Nowak, http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Chr06.pdf Non-dislocation origin of the incipient crystal plasticity: Unreported phase transformation in nanoindented GaAs, Materia 3, 46 (2007).

[16] K. Meinander, T. T. Järvi, and K. Nordlund, Nanocluster deposition: modular construction at the atomic scale, in CSC Report on Scientific Computing 2006-2007, edited by A. S. et. al. (Center for Scientific Computing, Finland, 2007), pp. 70--74.

[17] K. Nordlund, T. Ahlgren, N. Juslin, and C. Björkas, Fusionsenergi: en framtida energiform?, in Reflexer, edited by K. Meinander (Fysikersamfundet i Finland - Suomen Fyysikkojen Seura, Helsingfors, 2008), No. 10, pp. 31--41.

[18] C. Björkas, K. Vörtler, K. Nordlund, D. Terentyev, and L. Malerba, Molekyldynamiska simuleringar av straalningsskador i FeCr, in Reflexer, edited by K. Meinander (Fysikersamfundet i Finland - Suomen Fyysikkojen Seura, Helsingfors, 2008), No. 10, pp. 31--41.

[19] K. Nordlund, Atomikoon palasista suuria sovelluksia, in Studia Generalia: Nappaako teknologia ihmisen?, edited by V. Hatara and H. Westermark (Helsingin yliopiston Vapaan sivistystyön toimikunta, Helsinki, Finland, 2008), pp. 61--70.

[20] K. Nordlund, Nuläge och planerad framtid för energiutvinning med kärnfysikalisk fusion, Sphinx, edited by P. Holmberg (Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten, Helsingfors, Finland, 2008), p. 55.

[21] A. Descoeudres, F. Djurabekova, and K. Nordlund, DC Breakdown experiments with cobalt electrodes, CLIC-Note 875, 1 (2011).

[22] B. Wirth, K. Nordlund, D. G. Whyte, and D. Xu, http://www.acclab.helsinki.fi/~knordlun/pub/Wir11MRS.pdf Fusion materials modelling: Challenges and opportunities, MRS Bulletin 36, 216 (2011).

[23] K. Nordlund, Nanopartiklar gör också mycket gott, Hufvudstadsbladet , 10 januari 2013, Insändare.


Last updated Apr 11, 2014