Johdatus nanotieteeseen / Introduction to nanoscience

530120 Johdatus nanotieteeseen / Introduction to nanoscience, Spring 2005

  • This course material starts to be outdated. We have several never courses on this field, see here for an overview

  • Kursnamn på svenska:
  • The course will be held in English in 2005 since a foreign student has asked for it

  • Teaching time: spring 2005 29.3 - 12.5 ti, to 10-12 ( exercise time to be agreed on). First lecture 29.3 (the earlier info of 22.3 is cancelled due to travel).

  • Place: Accelerator Lab. seminar room (Pietari Kalmin katu 2)

  • Extent: 3 study weeks (3 ov).

  • Duration: about 7 weeks

  • Lecturer: Prof. Kai Nordlund

  • Teaching assistant: M. Sc. Jani Kotakoski

    Description

    The course gives an introduction to nanoscience. It can be held in English on request. The material will be in English in any case.

  • Content description

    Nanoscience and -technology is currently a very hot topic in research. It signifies science and technology which is based on materials with dimensions in the range 1 - 100 nm at least in one dimension. It has only recently become possible to manufacture such structures in a controlled manner, and hence they may enable entirely new types of applications. This introductory course will give an overview of the main directions in nanoscience, present a few already existing applications, and make a critical presentation of some of the wildest visions in nanotechnology.

  • Literature
    Lecture notes and other handed-out material

    Background info can be found e.g. from the following books:

    • E. L. Wolf: Nanophysics and Nanotechnology (Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim, Germany, 2004), ISBN 3-527-40407-4
    • Charles P. Poole, Frank. J. Owens, Introduction to nanotechnology (John Wiley & sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, USA, 2003) ISBN 0-471-07935-9
    One copy of both books is available in the Kumpula library (non-lendable) handbook section.


  • Grading

  • Exercises: 30%
  • Essay: 30%, deadline May 31
  • Exam: 40%

    The essay should be 5-10 pages with 12pt font not counting figures and references. Essay topics will be given by the lecturer, but students may also select their own. Students already working on nanoscience may choose a topic related to their research work, but not one which is exactly their own topic. The essay must be written independently. Essays based on a single reference will as a rule not be given a top grade.


    Lectures

  • [PDF] 1. Introduction
  • [PDF] 2. Nanoclusters [Kristoffer Meinander]
  • [PDF] 2b. Nanoparticles and nanocrystals
  • [PDF] 3. Carbon nanostructures: background and fullerenes
  • [PDF] 3b. Carbon nanostructures: nanotubes, carbon onions and nanodiamonds
  • [PDF] 4. Nanometer-thin films
  • [PDF] 5. Quantum mechanics and electronic properties of nanostructures
  • [PDF] 6. Self-assembly and catalysis
  • [PDF] 7. Supramolecules
  • [PDF] 8. Bionano
  • [PDF] 9. Nanomachines
  • [PDF] 10. The space elevator

    Exercises

    Exercises can be returned to Jani during lecture or to a box in the usual place in Physicums cumlab lobby.

  • PDF PS Exercise 1.
  • PDF PS Exercise 2.
  • PDF PS Exercise 3.
  • Exercise solutions and points

    Exam

  • Tue May 24 at 10 am in the Acc. lab.

    Planned (not necessarily final) list of contents

    1. What is nanotechnology

    2. Nanoparticles

    2.1. Physically manufactured nanoparticles

    2.2. Chemically manufactured nanoparticles

    3. Carbon: nanotubes and nanowires

    3.1. Fullerenes

    3.2. Carbon nanotubes

    4. Nanofilms

    5. Quantum dots

    6. Quantum mechanics and electronic properties of nanostructures

    7. Self-assembly and cathalysis

    8. Polymers

    9. Bionano

    10. Atomic-level assembly and nanomachines


    Suggested and taken essay topics

    For topics which have to some extent been treated during the lectures, the essay obviously should go clearly deeper than what was described by the lecturer.

    Essays should have proper references to the original sources of information. Web page references should be used only if the material in the web is not published in some proper journal, and used with great caution (they might just be written by some high school kid with no deeper understanding of the field...)

    Topic (approximate title) Taken by Returned?
    Melting of nanoclusters Krister Henriksson
    Reverse Hall-Petch relationship: simulation and experiments
    Theory of conductance in nanotubes Martin Zumsande
    Nanotube ropes and bundles Niklas Juslin
    Buckypaper/carbon nanotube paper
    Endohedral fullerenes: science and applications Juha Kalliopuska X
    Fullerene chemistry
    Giant magnetoresistance: theory Olli Lehtonen
    Giant magnetoresistance: materials
    Nanoindentation
    Quantum dots Kirsi Nevalainen
    Quantum corrals Juha Samela
    Optical effects in nanoparticles Kaija Vanhala
    Quantum well lasers
    Single electron transistors
    Josephson FET's
    SQUID's
    Coulomb blockade thermometer
    Nanoscale electric motors Tommi Järvi
    DNA as as a building block for nanostructures
    Biomimetic polypeptides Kristoffer Meinander
    Biomimetic nanostructures Viljami Pore
    Block copolymers
    Artificial proteins
    Labs-on-a-chip
    MEMS accelerometers
    F1-ATPase and F0F1 ATP Synthase


    Alustava sisältökuvaus:

  • Opetusajankohta: kl. 2005 29.3 - 12.5 ti, to 10-12 ( harjoitusaika sovitaan kurssin alussa) Ensimmäinen luento 29.3 (aikaisempi tieto 22.3 joudutaan näillä näkymin perumaan matkan takia).

  • Paikka: Kiihdytinlaboratorion seminaarihuone (Pietari Kalmin katu 2)

  • Laajuus: 3 ov

  • Kesto: 7 viikkoa

  • Ajankohta opintojen ajoitusmallissa: erikoistumisvaihe

  • Esitiedot: Fysiikan cum laude.

  • Sisältö

    Nanotiede ja -teknologia on tällä hetkellä erittäin kuuma aihe tutkimuksessa. Sillä tarkoitetaan tiedettä ja teknologiaa joka perustuu materiaaleihin joiden perusosat ovat kokoluokkaa 1 - 100 nm ainakin yhdessä ulottuvuudessa. Tällaisia rakenteita on pystytty hallitusti valmistamaan vasta aivan äskettäin, joten ne voivat mahdollistaa aivan uudentyyppisiä sovelluksia. Kurssin aikana annetaan yleiskatsaus nanotieteen pääsuuntauksiin, esitellään muutama jo olemassaoleva sovellutus, sekä käsitellään kriittisesti nanoteknologian villeimpiä visioita.

  • Suoritustapa:

    Laskuharjoitukset, esitelmä ja loppukoe.

  • Kirjallisuus:

    Luentomonisteet.

  • Kommentteja:

    Kurssi pidetään englanniksi pyydettäessä. Laskuharjoituksiin ja kokeisiin voi vastata suomeksi, ruotsiksi, englanniksi tai saksaksi.


    Related material in the web

  • nanoHUB: lots of educational stuff on nanoscience, including whole courses
  • Towards a European Strategy for Nanotechnology
  • Silicon oxide nanoclusters in tennis racquets
  • Nanotubes in tennis racquets (Babolat VS NCT)
  • Suntan lotion based on nano-fine titanium dioxide (Merck).
  • Self-cleaning windows
  • USA today article on nano applications
  • NASA space elevator project
  • Nice nanotechnology overview lecture
  • Report on Greenpeace fears of nanotech.
  • nanoparticles.org
  • Space Elevator cable design
  • Nanotech Now
    Kai Nordlund