Andrea Sand

Computational Materials Physicist

Division of Materials Physics
Department of Physics
P.O.Box 43 (Pietari Kalmink. 2)
00014 University of Helsinki



My current research focuses on radiation damage in metals and semiconductors, studied through molecular dynamics simulations and time-dependent density functional theory calculations.

Selected publications:

High energy collision cascades in tungsten: dislocation loop structures
and clustering scaling laws
, A. E. Sand, S. L. Dudarev and K. Nordlund,
Europhysics Letters, 103 (2013) 46003

Cascade fragmentation: deviation from power law in primary radiation damage,
A. E. Sand, D. R. Mason, A. De Backer, X. Yi, S. L. Dudarev, K. Nordlund,
Mater. Res. Lett., 5 (2017) 357 – 363

Directional Sensitivity In Light-Mass Dark Matter Searches With Single-Electron Resolution Ionization Detectors, F. Kadribasic, N. Mirabolfathi, K. Nordlund, A. E. Sand, E. Holmström,
F. Djurabekova, Phys. Rev. Lett., 120 (2018) 111301

Improving atomic displacement calculations with physically realistic damage models:
arc-dpa and rpa
, K. Nordlund, S. J. Zinkle, A. E. Sand, F. Granberg, R. S. Averback, R. Stoller,
T. Suzudo, L. Malerba, F. Banhart, W. Weber, F. Willaime, S. L. Dudarev, D. Siméone,
Nature Comm., 9 (2018) 1084

Multi-scale model for stresses, strains and swelling of reactor components under irradiation,
S. L. Dudarev, D. R. Mason, E. Tarleton, P.-W. Ma, A. E. Sand, Nuclear Fusion, 58 (2018) 126002

Heavy ion ranges from first-principles electron dynamics,
A. E. Sand, R. Ullah, A. A. Correa, npj Comput Mater 5 (2019) 43


Since the spring of 2011, I have been lecturing physics courses in Swedish at the University of Helsinki. Below are links to some of my course pages.

Support for students

Personal – Short CV

Current position:

Postdoctoral Researcher (Academy of Finland 2017 – 2020) University of Helsinki, Finland
Research topic: Multiscale modelling of radiation damage in materials

Project leader, AtomCRaD WP3, Eurofusion Consortium Enabling Research 1.1.2019 –

Docent (Adjunct Professor) in Physics, University of Helsinki, Finland, 6.3.2019 –


PhD in Theoretical Physics, University of Helsinki (UH), Finland, 2015
MSc in Theoretical physics, UH, Finland, 2006

Previous research positions:

2016 – 2017

Eurofusion Researcher Fellowship, Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, UK (July 2016 – June 2017) and University of Helsinki, Finland, Research topic: Formation of primary radiation damage in metals

2015 – 2016

Postdoctoral researcher, Division of Materials Physics, University of Helsinki, Research topic: Formation of primary radiation damage in metals

2010 – 2013,
2014 – 2015

Doctoral candidate, Division of Materials Physics, University of Helsinki, (one year career break (maternity leave)) Research topic: Fusion reactor materials

2008 – 2009

Doctoral candidate, Division of Elementary Particle Physics, University of Helsinki, Research topic: Non-commutative quantum field theory

2006 – 2008

Researcher, Department of Philosophy, University of Helsinki, Research topic: quantum logic

Grants and Awards:

  • The Ruth and Nils-Erik Stenbäck Foundation Award (2018)
  • Academy of Finland Postdoctoral Fellowship (2017)
  • Eurofusion Researcher Fellowship (2016)

Teaching and Supervision:

2011 – 2018

Lecturer in Physics, University of Helsinki

2014, 2016, 2018

Summer student supervision, University of Helsinki

2009 – 2010

Mathematics teacher, Brändö Upper Secondary School

2007 – 2008

Lecturer, Mathematics, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Helsinki, Finland

2006 – 2007

Lecturer, Mathematics, Åbo Open University, Finland